Homepage of South African photographer, journalist and author Mark D Young



My photography blog

NEW! Photography related videos can be found

on my SouthernShutterbug YouTube channel


Mark D. Young's Photography Blog 

This is where I shall be posting (on an irregular basis and as time permits) field reports from assignments, comments on kit (old and new) and general musings related to photography as I experience it.


Use of full frame terminology for a particular sensor finally hits the wall


Olympus leading again by selling their imaging division? Why this is a watershed moment for all dedicated camera manufacturers.


My Olympus_OM-D_E-M1_Mark_III_menu_settings_booklet


OM-D E-M5 Mark III menu booklet and differences to the E-M1 Mark II


My_OM-D_E-M1_Mark_II_menu_booklet_updated_for firmware_revision_3.0

In praise of Programme- The thinking photographers manual mode.











Ban_the wedding photography ban


New Gear-itis: Is there a cure? 

Photokina 2016 - Hybrids signal a sea-change in photography

  Olympus E-M1 review

 Time for sensor and lens sense 

    Re-Incarnated favourite 

   The Death of The Shift Lens 

   When your camera eye-cup fails

     Reviewers-Please RTFM. 

       OM-D Focus Tracking is great 

     OM-D E-M1: Taking the plunge

    Why Olympus Weatherproof equipment?

01 October 2022


Using the term "Full frame", rather than sensor size, finally hits a logical wall.


Many years ago I posted a blog entry about the insanity then prevalent in the naming of sensors.


My particular issue was that the term "full frame" had, somehow, been tacked to the 24x36mm legacy 35mm miniature film format equivalent sized sensor.


This previously disdained and marginalised format was punted by all and sundry - and several "leading publications" - as well as countless know-it-all forum potatoes, as being "full frame".


The problem was, and still is, that every camera usually captures the full frame of the sensor specification when taking an image. This includes mobile phones to medium format equivalent sensors as well as, if we go the whole way, the Webb space telescope.


I will not repeat the discussion and you can read that blog post here.


The point of this post is to record the fact that the arbitrary naming of a supposed holy grail sensor size as full-frame, (in my mind anyone using that nomenclature should use fool frame for obvious reasons...) has now become an issue.

Even that most august of information and label invention sources, DP Review, nearly tripped itself up last week when discussing an aspect of cinematography which has now transmogrified into the world of digital videography.

The idea of an "open gate" in film meant that the entire frame of the film being used was exposed, un-cropped, and masks (gates) were later used during editing and subsequent print making to obtain the aspect ratio required (4:3 for TV, 3:2 for cinema or 16:9 for widescreen etc). This allowed the same footage to be used for several different output requirements.

Until recently most high-end video cameras and video capable hybrid cameras pre-cropped the image from the central pixels available on the sensor area when footage was captured and stored.

Thus a 4:3 or 24x36mm sensor camera would only use the area within a 3:2 ratio area in the middle of the sensor to record the information from either only about 2 million pixels (in the case of FHD footage) or 8 million pixels in the case of 4K footage - even if you had a 36 megapixel or more so-called "full frame" sensor.

The rest of the sensor area was simply not recorded and you had the image cropped to the ratio selected in the set-up menu (if you had that choice as on all Olympus and OMDS system units - who were the first to offer this option at the dawn of the 43 system...)

Now, this is where the name makers have hit the wall.

Newer video capable cameras are recording the entire image off the sensor with every frame. This is the equivalent of an "open gate" and is listed as such in the specification sheets.

However, as Mr Nicholls of DP Review pointed out, open gate means little to modern minds already full of social media tropes and hashtags. "A better name is needed...."

He naturally (and logically) initially thought of "full frame" (and that is technically correct and not confusing at all as the user will immediately understand they have the full picture area recorded) but realised the forum potatoes would roast him and not themselves so he meekly suggested "un-cropped".

In doing so he stepped into another minefield as this is using a term already abused in every forum potato rant for a 24x36mm sensor.

So? "Uncropped?"


When you capture the full, available frame of the sensor, you get the full frame of the area made available by the camera designer. You can then crop it as you please.


In addition, to say it is uncropped is, technically, untrue as no sensor uses all the pixels on the actual sensor in the final output image. A few million or so are always reserved outside the imaging area saved in the output file for white balance and colour calibration. Thus the sensor, in every camera, is slightly cropped in output to exclude the calibration sensors and to only save the full, usable frame of pixels intended by the camera designer.


So, as his editors are trying to achieve, the effective sensor size should be referenced when discussing sensor size without meaningless and arbitrarily chosen labels being added.


No matter how many likes or followers any so-called Youtographer "expert" may have.


I take no pleasure in seeing that the term and definition abuse highlighted on this blog so long ago has finally led to a point where the "experts" are now getting tongue-tied. This is simply because they allowed the apparent professionals that suddenly appeared out of every nook and cranny, the countless forum potatoes and Youtography shouty types, to influence what should have been rational and considered technical journalism.


And they say social media and instant feedback will, ultimately, benefit the dominant bipedal life-forms crawling about on this planet?


If you really still think that is the case then you may well be viewing the world through a fool frame.


15 July 2020


Canon (and Sony) prove how advanced Olympus equipment is.



Canon recently announced their copies of the OM-D E-M1 camera. Two of them.




They got it almost right.


Totally overpriced -  in both cases.


However, unlike with the mania about Olympus equipment, nobody - even those with bouffant hair styles and shouty voices - is saying anything about the pricing.

Nor is anyone saying they are both useless pieces of equipment if you live in my country.



Simple. Due to the craze for legacy 35mm sized sensors - which the R6 and R5 (and Sony mirrorless cameras) have - the heat generated by the cameras when used in 4K video mode, even when in standby and you are not yet recording, severely limits the available shooting time.


In one of the modes on the R5, to less than three minutes.


With the caveat that you are working in 23 Deg C ambient temperature according to Canon literature.

At higher temperatures this time is even shorter.

Don't panic they say in a media release - as they battle to quash their growing Galaxy Note moment - once the camera cools you can go again. If you wait at least 15 minutes in one scenario.


Or take the camera into the shade and run a fan over it.

Helpfully though, it does have a great feature that tells you how long you need to wait before you can record again. Imagine the look on the face of the bride as the timer ticks down.

No stress, you can impress her with the fact that it is a full frame sensor and the latest mirrorless camera from Canon as she fumes.


I am sure every bride or interview subject (or news editor) will understand.

The average daytime temperature in my region is between 23 and 29 degrees in winter.

In summer it is 30-36 degrees.

So, let me see....

If I spend three times the cost of an E-M1 mark ii with a 12-40 2.8 lens buying an R5 and similar lens (equivalent weather sealing and body construction), I may, on a good day, with a box of dry ice, portable fan and generator, get 180 seconds of video recording at a rural wedding location every half an hour or so.


If I used Sony legacy sized sensor equipment I would need to remove the battery doors, change batteries every ten minutes and keep the screens flipped out far from the body to try and get the stuff to work for more than 10 minutes at a time.

And all of this is if I use the APS-C crop region of the huge sensors I paid so much money for and which are apparently, so much better because they are, according to couch potato wisdom, larger than my pokey 43 sensor.



Way to go guys.

My E-M1.1 and M1.2 cameras have never missed a beat in our heat and dust. They will run to the 29 minute 59 second limit imposed on cameras by outdated EU law and then run the whole time range again within seconds in all the conditions I have experienced.

All day long.

The entire package of camera and lens is smaller than the equivalent R mount lens alone and, on top of it all, the battery life on the M1.2 appears to be double the capacity testers are getting on the R5.

And I get 120 frame per second, progressive scan viewfinder use all day long. On the new knock-offs you only get optimum battery life if you lower the refresh rate to 60 frames per second and enjoy using a streaky viewfinder.


And, of course, I can get an impressive still photo frame rate of 12 frames per second (shutter) or 20 frames per second (electronic shutter) on these copy-cats as opposed to the allegedly backward Olympus' rates of 15 and 60 respectively.


Having a fool-frame EOS is, apparently such a must that I should happily forego the Pro-Capture and other tools on the OM-D kit as well as it seems Canon have not twigged to everything that makes an OM-D so useful yet...


I am so impressed, I recently decided to order new cameras.

A E-M1 mark II is on the way and I will seek out one of the half price E-M1 X examples on E-Bay in due course.

I am loving the me-media mania driven silly sell-off happening at the moment - you can choose your muse at great prices.

I will do this so as to have items that actually work at 4K and to have spares to use while the rest of the industry catches up.

If it can.

25 June 2020


Olympus sells-up the imaging division. Why this may be its last innovation in the camera business.


As an Olympus veteran, I have to tackle the latest news buzzing on the internet.

Olympus veteran?

This is a wholly unofficial and self-appointed title, but by now, after so many purchases and years of professional use in the face of much amusement and constant ragging from colleagues out here, one I reckon I deserve.

My ownership and use of Olympus products spans 50 years.

I have been making money with Olympus cameras my entire professional career - more than 40 years.

I have seen three Olympus camera families come and go.

I survived every time. And so did the cameras. Every one of these camera family members I still own still operates. And none of the oldies are still sold or officially supported by their maker.

Goodness! Fancy that.

So? Given that the last 48 hours have been filled with hyperbole like "Olympus is Dead!", "The end of Olympus", "Olympus is gone" and more, how do I feel about it all?

Well, when I woke up this morning, I carefully checked my equipment locker and....no tombstones had sprouted overnight on any of the cameras.

In fact, when in the studio doing some scientific food work earlier today, all the OM-D cameras involved switched on. They all worked. 

So did the 1984 vintage Bowens Mono Silver studio flashes I used for the assignment. Ah Bowens - yet another product that should, if it were available on the modern internet - be "dead".

Anyhow, client was happy with the results and did not ask what brand of camera they were shot on or how they were lit. They only wanted the results briefed.

And herein lies the rub for the entire specialised camera industry. Any modern camera with 16 megapixels or more with a sensor from four-thirds and upwards is way more than good enough. There is nothing more we can usefully put into cameras that really matters. We have reached a technological plateau.

This fact is a problem for all manufacturers, not just the folk at the Shinjuku monolith. It is definitely true for medical scope work. No more hardware development is needed. The future is in adding smart AI tech to the existing hardware. You do not need an imaging division full of camera engineers for that.

Several of my colleagues and blog readers worldwide have sought my thoughts on all the click-bait excitement and crowing about who was right and who was wrong between myself (and others) who have posted about this so-called passing of Olympus in the past year or so.

Overall, I think it is too early to get concerned about any aspect of the Olympus move as, on full reflection, I think it presages an even larger truth we must all face in due course.

Olympus will still, on their version, be making cameras and selling them as usual until the eventual deal discussed in the press release materialises and is confirmed. My existing equipment will still work for several years. Certainly long enough for me to perhaps buy a camper van and go walkabout.

Of note to me, is that the company has not simply stopped making cameras and lenses like some others who have withdrawn from the interchangeable lens camera  - and as we shall soon discuss - other markets in the past decade or two.

They are making plans, they say, to set up the imaging business as a new entity, with new owners.

So, no, they are not, on the strength of this, finished.

They are not going to go "Poof!" and vanish.

Many comments have been made to the effect that the potential new owners - let us remember this is still at the MOU stage - will simply strip out the valuable parts such as the market leading patents, make the dismissals Olympus want to avoid doing, and then shut it all down anyway.

The published track record of the entity involved would suggest otherwise and time alone will tell if this negativity is warranted.

However, there is a way we can get an idea of how things will eventually pan out by looking at another of the odd equipment choices in my life - Jaguar cars.

I will contrast Jaguar's experiences with another auto maker, MG Rover.

Jaguar Cars have changed ownership several times. The last sale of the company and all its trademarks, R&D, design and marketing divisions was in 2008 when, notwithstanding similar internet hysteria about the death of the brand, it was placed in a new entity by its new owners.

Since then, the company has re-invented its product family and now has a presence in more market sectors than ever. This very morning I read about them launching a new 2021 version of their all electric iPace. They are not "gone" or "dead" by any margin.

Granted, like most companies in the recent past, it has recently had some balance sheet problems but, in the immediate aftermath - lets say the first five years - after changing hands, it launched more new products than it had in the previous 40.

And speaking of years, none of the Jaguars of the past blew up and died when the change of ownership took place. Spares support for the classics is now better than I have seen before.

The MG-Rover saga, on the other hand, gives us an idea of how things may go the other way.

For some years before the sale, the huge BMW entity did not put any effort into marketing and did not release a single new product at all.

After being sold by BMW to a venture capital firm, the new owners did not release a single brand new model.

They announced new models galore but, in reality, they were the same models as before but some had turbo chargers, trick suspension and go faster stripes added. They were exactly the same under the skin as before the buy-out.

Now, to Olympus. They have not, in the past few years, not released anything at all.

They have released warmed over versions of existing models. Much like MG in their final years. However, they have also released new lenses and a really innovative and industry leading concept camera. We will still see, I think, through future imaging industry developments with computer aided vision,  that this camera was visionary in many respects.  

There is at least one more new lens I know of on the way shortly. It is a white one and samples are floating around. That is a fact.

There is, according to my sources, at least one new camera on the way. Also a fact.

There are also some firmware updates due next month for existing cameras as well.

More I cannot say lest I get my several inside sources in different places into some bother.

Another thing I do know from carefully looking at the financials (shareholders get to see these in detail on request)  is that the corporate accounting structure of Olympus placed a disproportionate yoke of expenses from the medical division on the much smaller camera division.

In addition, as with most large companies in its home country, the time honoured traditional system of consultation all the way up and down the command chain of all the company divisions has a knock on impact on product design and other changes that are needed to react to market demands. All companies on the Island have this same issue.

So, to the prospects, as I see them, for "Newco", given that Olympus does, as they say, work to keep the imaging divison going "with" the new entity?

Firstly, it should be free of the unequal weight of the costs the imaging division appears to have on its books within the greater company. I hope this will translate into a better marketing budget as any new tech will need something of a push to get it to the new buyers.

Next, there will be fewer layers for ideas and changes to navigate and so it should, in theory, be more agile and able to adapt to market requirements. And, as the market for interchangeable lens cameras has changed and all camera manufacturers will need to adapt to this by developing a new kind of hybrid device family, having a leaner, more agile company will be a good thing.

In addition to the previous two points, taken on the amount of comments all over the internet, there is a large group of loyal customers. This bodes well as - most of these- on the comments, appear to be happy to have anything new to which they can fit their 43 and m43 lenses. How much of these folk are actually real buyers rather than just bored forum potatoes, time will tell.

So, to get back to my analogy with the motoring world, I think we will see how this is going to pan out (as I think, with respect, that it is too early to say one way or another at the moment no matter how many YoutTube subscribers you may have) by observing the product development (or lack thereof) in the first year or so.

If, like Jaguar, new models and a new range of  innovative items appear through regular announcements and actual launches, the future looks rosy.

If, like MG Rover all we get are go faster stripes, trick suspension but the same kit under the panels, not so much.

In the final analysis though, the whole camera industry needs to change or it will simply fade into history.

 Olympus has always led the market in many areas and, perhaps, it is doing so again in adapting ahead of the pack to a new era in image making equipment and production requirements?

In my view all manufacturers will have to face the same issue in the fullness of time.

The needs of professionals have changed as the market demands have changed. The equipment we need now has to be hybrid and darn good at stills, video, audio and connectivity for us to stay in business.

As professional imaging practitioners we should all have realised around five years ago that Life, as we knew it (as I said in a blog after visiting my last Photokina show) had changed.

It will continue to change.

For 98% of imaging needs nowadays mobile phones do the job as well as the majority of users wish them to do. The official Olympus statement yesterday said as much by alluding to the impact mobile phones have had on the industry.

And there are now (and will soon be more) phone cameras with 10x or stronger optical zoom lenses. Add the AI image processing to give stitched wide angle views or blurred portrait backgrounds and the last major reasons for buying an interchangeable lens camera for the average consumer has, to a great degree, gone up in smoke.

All of this new phone tech slips into your pocket, All for a small monthly payment and upgraded every two years. All connected and - like a swiss army knife - having many uses and solutions. Such as wedding photography, Kids birthday parties. Special occasions. Newborn photography. Portraits of the CEO for the company's (increasingly) electronic newsletter. And it can provide video and stills for each of these usage scenarios too.

It also does your shopping, controls your home, reminds you about your mom in law's birthday and keeps tabs on your taxable expenses.

The market for large, single use technical equipment is gone - especially in regards to the majority of imaging and video needs.

A feature film has already been shot on a mobile phone so who needs more megapixels and even larger sensors now?

In my view, the hiving off of the Olympus Imaging business into a Newco is a watershed moment for the industry at large.

I do not think this is a question any more of "who will be next?"

I think all camera manufacturers stand at this same watershed. For too long the industry stood aloof thinking it was something special and irreplaceable. Too big to fail.

It failed to realise it was competing for the electronic leisure spend of consumers.

It failed to address the challenges posed by short product cycles and the financing of new equipment which the computer and mobile phone industries had solved with 24 month contract agreements and "upgrade" cycles.

It failed, to a large degree, to see and meet the need for its equipment to be multi-faceted and to solve the needs of several different user demands in one.

For goodness' sake, it did not, save for Panasonic and Olympus - and later Sony - see that the flappy mirror dinosaur camera was a developmental and cost dead-end a decade ago.

The entire industry failed to see that it needed to blend technologies together to make a camera more than a one trick pony.

Perhaps Newco will realise this and astonish us all?


Whatever happens, things are going to be different for all camera owners sooner or later.

And, especially after the current worldwide recession abates in a few years, innovation, agility and the willingness to rapidly respond to market demands will be vital.

As vital will be innovative sales and financing methods.

If Newco can bring out an Olympus OM-D with a SIM, gigabit ethernet or wireless connectivity, personal assistant, m43 mount, all the current still photography bells and whistles with computational AI firmware plus a fully featured 4K video facility, a proper XLR linked sound suite and offer it all in a reasonably compact body on a 24 month contract, I would sign up tomorrow.

So too, I suspect, would everyone else who loves imaging and content creation.

As I said, time will tell.

In the interim, I am still using my Olympus cameras and making some money with them. They are not about to die and will, in all likelihood serve me well for the rest of my working photographic career.

Enjoy the cameras you have while you are still able to do so.

Use them more than you talk about them, criticise them or post comments about them.

That's been the secret of happiness in my career that made it so enjoyable that I hardly noticed the years rolling by until I realised I had quietly became an Olympus veteran.

27 March 2020


COVID19 - How our world has changed and what we can do about it

As working photographers in South Africa, it is my view that we need to face up to the reality that the world and marketplace we knew before 16 March 2020, has changed forever.

In fact, to be totally frank, I think that market as we knew it has gone. And it is not going to be coming back soon - if at all.

Certainly, those of us who relied on social photography to survive will be the first - and most permanently - impacted.

Locally, weddings, birthday parties and anniversary functions are being postponed or cancelled left, right and centre. Corporate functions have stopped. Schools have closed and will, in all likelihood, not be that interested in squeezing the annual photo sessions into a restricted and hectic schedule when they re-open in three months or so. More so given that most parents will be battling to put food on the table, let alone pay for a package of photos they could, in their minds, take anyway.

Did I say three months? Yes. If you look at edicts issued in the UK, many European countries and elsewhere, it must be fairly obvious that the authorities worldwide are looking at that time-line as the period in which they will be suspending freedoms. (Just one reference: https://news.sky.com/story/coronavirus-who-is-being-told-to-start-shielding-amid-covid-19-outbreak-11961817)


When things gradually start easing up, there will be few mums willing to let a stranger pop in to photograph their youngsters. Birthday parties will take ages to become the norm again.

For those of us with commercial clients, things are not that much better. A large portion of firms have sent workers home to work from home (where possible)  "for the duration".  It is my view that this home working genie  - now that it is out of the bottle - is going to be very hard to put back inside and that the dynamics of many South African companies have changed forever.

The real estate market is sitting with a huge (and growing) over-supply of stock. The lack of turnover and the long sales periods are impacting on revenue and the first cuts have been in the area of hiring professionals to photograph the properties. In addition, there are more and more firms popping up that are hoping to offer an all in one stills+video solution to the estate market.

This is going to lead to a change in the marketplace and how things are done. In a drive to conserve cash due to the loss of turnover, most commercial campaigns are being cut back or put on the shelf altogether.

For those depending on social photography, the cancellation of worldwide trade shows may have disguised the fact that several new smartphones with incredible cameras have been released onto the market in the past 4 weeks. One of these announced last Thursday has an ultra-wide, rectilinear lens and hyper stabilised video mode. It stitches images seamlessly and edits two minute videos and adds music on the fly. When this reaches the estate agents there will be no need for any of us (And yes, these things sort the exposure perfectly well for the intended use so you can't even argue that.)

Thus the need for us to do "professional photos" (i.e. with blurry backgrounds as far as the public sees it...) for non-commercial clients is going to be eroded even more by the newer algorithms in these models. Add in the fear of catching something from a stranger in your home or at your party and you have a natural reduction in demand for our work if a mobile device can do an acceptable (to the client) job - especially given that 80% or more of imaging is consumed on mobile devices these days.

I doubt that these dynamics buffeting our previous ways of working will go back to normal. That we are now at the start of a long and uncertain period of global recession cannot, I would posit, be argued.

So. The big questions is, what can we do about it?

Firstly, did you know that there is a professional photographer's representative trade body in South Africa recognised worldwide? It is called the South African Professional Photographers (SAPP).


As just part of what we do behind the scenes we engaged with government on behalf of self-employed photographers this week in an attempt to ensure our plight appears on the planning radar during this emergency. Hopefully we will learn about what relief (if any) the already strained national finances will extend to us later today. I will update my blog with relevant news in this regard (if any) later.


Consider joining us. Professionalism is not just that you charge for your work. A whole range  of things make you a professional and affect our ability to work. Legal, legislative and more. As an example I was part of a delegation to government in 1997 that reduced punitive duties on photo equipment to 5%. Individuals cannot hope to have that sort of consideration alone. United we can make an impact and ensure that whatever future there may be for us, the importance of our profession is recognised and that we set universal standards to the benefit of clients and the industry alike.


In my view, if we want to have a future, our industry needs a strong representative (and internationally recognised) association. Get in touch with me if you wish to know more.


Next, I believe that we could all make use of this enforced period of calm to look critically at our businesses and revenue streams. We need to think long and hard about where our revenue was sourced and think about ways in which we can diversify our offerings if we intend to remain in the photographic industry.

If you do intend to remain as a photographer, is your offering a self-restrictive one? As but one example, if you advertise as a wedding photographer but only do western style white weddings, are you not limiting yourself to a quarter or less of the market? Use this time to research and investigate other traditions - for example did you know that a Hindi or African traditional wedding provides three different days, and many different streams, of revenue opportunities?

OK. So you need to be prepared to go to three different locations - and for tribal weddings to rural villages - but the opportunities are there and the market is under-serviced in terms of upper-end professional photography. The customers are discerning and will engage you if your offering is of top quality and you follow and respect the customs involved. Use this time to learn about these.

Next, look at your electronic footprint. Use the time to re-evaluate your website and social media pages. Can they be tweaked? Can they be made more inviting for immediate engagement? And speaking of this, why not look at how to do the upkeep of your website yourself? YouTube has tons of material on this. Why should it only be our former customers learning on that platform during this period?

If you are a commercial photographer, you may already have discovered the fact that many corporates are now looking critically at the spend and return on imaging. Where possible, if they are able to engage one provider for still-imaging and video production, they are doing so. So, if you are still only doing photography, you are losing out on up to 75% of the revenue budget for imaging of most corporates.

Learning from my own recent past, a single still-imaging client has spent more than four times what they used to spend per annum on still-imaging, on video shorts, corporate videos and in-house training materials. Naturally, production sound, editing and other aspects need to be top-notch but these are things you can learn. Luckily, I had a grounding in film in the 80s so the curve was not as steep for me. However, once again, YouTube is your friend.

And we all now have the time to sit, watch and learn.

Further to this, a unique opportunity has been opened up by our peers at the Professional Photographers of America who have opened up all their education resources for the next two weeks. You register for an account on this link and then you can access all their tutorials and reference material at no cost for the next 14 days: https://www.ppa.com/education-unlocked

Spend the free time you may be forced to have learning all the menu options and facilities on your equipment. Learn new techniques in editing software. Is it perhaps time to refresh your sample images and presentation portfolio?

Another option, and especially relevant in our multi-lingual country, is to try and learn at least some conversational skills in another one of our 11 official languages. This will have benefits to your business in ways that you will need to experience in order to understand its importance.

Another aspect to look at is the deeper health of your business - is your insurance correct? Is it possible to get a rebate on any payments due in the next 60 to 90 days as the risks are less? Look at your retirement plan (you do have one do you not?) Ask the underwriters concerned if they are playing their part in assisting us all by letting you defer at least 90 days of payments without losing the policy benefits.

All of these suggested steps will serve to let you pass the time with less stress and to position your business for the re-emergence of the economy on the other side of whatever we are still to face in the next 90 days or so.

Whatever you decide to do in the next three months or so, my wish is that you remain healthy and that we all manage to emerge from this in the best shape possible and ready to engage with a market that has changed and will never be the same again.

If we remain the same, or expect the same market on the other side of this period, we will be swept away by the change.

01 March 2020


My Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark III menu settings booklet


Well, notwithstanding rumours stating that stock availability was not all it seemed, two new OM-D E-M1 Mark III bodies (to take over from the aged M1.1 bodies) are now on our asset register.


Now, as usual, induction and training material on the camera has been prepared for staff and I am sharing the menu settings booklet for you here.


There is little that is radically new or fantastic about the camera that would make it a must buy for you if you already own an E-M1 Mark II. If you still run an original E-M1 or E-M5 Mark II however, then it is a massive and worthy upgrade - with one caveat.


The caveat is this: If you own and use the Olympus LS100 PCM recorder, then this is not a body you may want.


Support for the sync recording and slate tone link available on the M1.1, M1.2, M1X and the recently launched M5 Mark III, has been dropped from the M1.3.


Given that the  LS100 would have set you back about $800, that is a serious hoof to the jaw and I would suggest getting the M1.2 instead if you have an LS-100 and need a second body or have to replace older bodies.


Maybe a mythical firmware fix will solve this...?


Here's hoping.


Download my OM-D E-M1 Mark III menu settings booklet.


(If you do download it, please consider a donation to support this work. Thank you.)


The main reasons you may want an OM-D E-M1 MarkIII rather than the E-M1 MarkII


* You are upgrading from an E-M1 original or an E-M5 mark II.

* You run a single E-M1X and need a second, more compact body.

* You need hand held high resolution mode (Not on the M1.2)

* You absolutely must have an extra stop of IS compensation.

* You need the live ND function. (Not on the M1.2)

* You need the direct USB power option and you do not use an HLD 9 all the time (as attaching that disables the USB power/charging facility)

* You absolutely must have 120fps FHD video. (M1.2 goes to 60fps FHD)

* You reckon you absolutely MUST have the very (very, very) slight improvement in noise performance of the TruePic IX cpu as you constantly shoot at night, in coal mines, without any light.

* You must have the custom focus target creation feature. (It's in video mode as well...)

* You must have slightly better face and eye detection from miles away.

* You need to be able to keep the shutter open for an hour on bulb. (M1.2 is 30 minutes)

* You spend your life photographing nightscapes with stars and battle to focus on stars.

* You have to have direct access to the B settings.

* You simply must be able to shoot and upload images on your studio/home WiFi network. (Cable only on the M1.2)

* You will shoot waaay more than 200K images on the mechanical shutter (M1.3 tested to 400K vs 200K on the M1.2)

* You truly believe the AF is better than the M1.2 and can actually see it. (Have tested the M1.2 and M1.3 side by side at a show jumping event and if there is a difference, I can't detect it. The next Touch tournament I cover will provide a definitive answer.)

* You just want the latest version of anything - no matter what.


Reasons you may not want an E-M1 Mark III


* You already have an E-M1 Mark II, are happy with it and do not need any of the new features.

* You own and use the Olympus LS-100 PCM recorder, use the sync recording and own XLR microphones...because you cannot use sync recording on the E-M1 Mark III and the LS 4 PCM recorder option being punted for use with the Mark III does not accept XLR inputs.

* You like the FL-LM3 flash (which is very handy) which you get in the Mark II but not with the Mark III (Even though the handbook says it is in the box but their product site says not...)


All the above reasons for and against are my views based on an initial ownership period and the mix of equipment I have used extensively up to now.


Your mileage may vary.


To download my other OM-D menu booklets, use the following links:

OM-D E-M5 Mark III

OM-D E-M1 Mark II (Revised for firmware ver: 3.2)




30 December 2019


We don't know what makes the best camera or photograph!

As time passed and - logically - technology improved, one would expect clear trends in what really matters to the public in regard to photography to have emerged.

After all, photography has been around in one form or another for roughly 2 centuries so we should, using so-called common sense, have a pretty good idea of what the photo buying public wants in a good photograph.

Such knowledge of what the public - who are, after all, professional photographer's clients - want in images, is you'd expect, vital to be able to provide the services required by paying customers.


Now, if you read the fora on leading photographic websites you will find strident (and increasingly personal and nasty) comments and arguments professing certainty of this knowledge of what really counts in terms of the equipment to use, how to take the image and what the final image requires to be "professional".


On most internet fora it would seem obvious, after just a few minutes of browsing, that current common wisdom holds anyone not using the arbitrarily defined and much promoted holy grail image sensor size - equivalent to the legacy 35mm film format of 24x36mm (and in every case so very misleadingly called "full frame" because it was, itself called miniature format on its introduction to halide imaging) - cannot possibly compete as a professional or serious photographer.


This is so, according to the forum potatoes and self-proclaimed Youtographer experts, as you allegedly cannot get shallow depth of field, dynamic range, fine texture or other mythical "absolutely essential" requirements on smaller sensors such as those used in the APS-C and 4/3 format equipment.


While such arguments are equally as misleading as the use of the term full frame, there is now some empirical evidence which we can look at to see that all of these arguments about what is needed in the so-called real world, are - it would seem - a load of nonsense and totally irrelevant as there are apparently only two criteria that appear to count to the public when judging your photographs.


A blind camera test using sixteen devices was carried out and the images posted on social media platforms Twitter and Instagram. This played directly to the fact that nearly 70% of images are, in the present day, consumed on mobile devices and social media (taken from my own and other available web statistics).


More than six million votes later it was clear to see that, when nearly identical images of the same subject were adjudged by the participants in the voting (the public), images that were brighter than the opponent and had more depth of field, were adjudged the better result.

Cameras that gave better dynamic range, used larger sensors (and thus gave easily noticed shallower depth of field) or were technically more correct in colour and white-balance, often lost out to images that had more depth of field (leading to them being judged by the public respondents as giving a sharper result) or were lighter (better exposed according to those who commented).

Now, while you may bleat that they were cameras on mobile devices and not real cameras (possibly because they were not using a legacy 35mm still picture format sensor?), the test is valid in my view.

Firstly, it was a blind test with the winning device names only revealed at the end of the process.

Secondly, it asked millions of people using the most common viewing platform of the current era (a mobile device or computer screen) to do the adjudication.

Thirdly, it showed a consistency in the result trends from a similar test last year and with comments often passed by social photography clients when requesting edits to images after a studio shoot or selecting images from event photography assignments.



The images here were shot (not in any particular order) on medium format, 4/3 and mobile phone sensors with lighting modifiers. At this scale and on a computer or mobile phone screen, who cares?

So, whatever we think we may know about what camera manufacturers ought to do or what makes a good camera from an inferior one, all I think we can say from all of this is that we who think we know something, don't appear to know anything about what the public really wants.


It certainly does not seem to be wide dynamic range, buttery Bokeh, perfect exposure or most of the other stuff so many spend weeks of their lives pontificating about on discussion and comment fora.

So, it seems we can all chill and stop making puff-pieces about what manufacturers "ought to/must do" or what camera formats are sure to die out soon or posting comments about how long any given manufacturer might survive based on the presence or lack of attributes in their equipment.

It's all pointless.


We need to take note of what the public wants and thinks makes an image better than another. That's all that counts now and will still count in the next decade - even as technology morphs and changes the way we make images - as it surely is going to do.

Don't believe me? Switch off your outrage, go watch the video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=681&v=KxsFat1ImiY&feature=emb_logo and think about the implications of the results for what you might think is your superior imaging knowledge.

Now, of course the forum potato experts and Youtographers will all say it is impossible to do paying work with these things and the results are not in any manner important to real photographers (apparently only those using 24 x 36mm sensors and capturing images sans processing.). Of course, those exact words were uttered to anyone using 35mm SLR cameras by the real photographers using large, clunky 60 x 60 mm format cameras in the 1960s and 70s. And by those using 4 x 5 inch view cameras a few decades before when 60 x 60mm format started becoming popular.

However, numerous feature movies and commercials have already been shot using mobile devices.

There are several pros trending (and charging silly money) as they shoot weddings on phones.

So, excuse me, I'm off to the mobile phone shops for my next professional camera.


Err, hang-on, I already have an example of the winner of the poll in my pocket.


For a moment there I thought I had to get some new gear.

I think I'll just rather get a safe, relaxed and prosperous new Julian year.

And my wish to you who read my blog posts is that you get the same.


Be safe and enjoy your photography.


22 October 2019


Olympus OM-D E-M5 mark iii - Differences to E-M1 mark ii and my initial menu settings booklet


Last week Olympus officially announced the latest version of the OM-D E-M5 family, the mark iii variant.


After playing with a pre-production version I was struck by the fact that it was a shrunken - and half price (given launch pricing of each model) - OM-D E-M1 mark ii.


Of course there are differences, and below I list the main ones I found on the firmware 1.0 version I had in my hands, but, essentially, you can now buy a new E-M1 mark ii in a lighter, smaller form factor. You will need to decide if the differences are a deal breaker for you. In my view, based on practical experience and use of the cameras, I would wager that none are.


Of course, giving us an E-M1 mark ii at a lower price in a smaller body probably means a newer E-M1 is around the corner but the existing model is still incredible value (there are special offers all over the place at the moment...) if you need the tough, metallic, large grip and all-day battery power plus extender grip options of the E-M1 mark ii. And, of course, it has proven to be as tough as nails.


If you simply wish get my suggested menu settings booklet, click here: Mark D Young's Olympus OM-D E-M5 mark iii suggested initial menu settings booklet


If you are wondering what the differences are between the models, here is what I found on the pre-launch firmware. Production models may differ so this is only intended as a guide on what I found. For simplicity I shall call the cameras the M5.3 and M1.2 below.


Differences noted on firmware version 1.0:


Frame rate throttled on the M5.3

The M5.3 does a max of 30 fps with AF locked versus the 60 fps of the M1.2 with the electronic shutter.


The fastest mechanical shutter frame rate is 10 on the M5.3 versus 15 fps on the M1.2. This also leads to minor differences in the Pro Capture frame settings to reflect the differences.


M5.3 does not currently have a battery grip option

Currently there is no battery grip option for the M5.3 which the M1.2 does offer.


M5.3 cannot do tethered shooting/RAW file processing with USB

The 5.3 does not (based on the example I had) seem to offer tethered shooting or use of the TruePic VIII CPU for RAW processing when connected via USB. I doubt this will change as the USB 3.0 data rate of the M1.2 plays a huge role in this camera RAW processing via USB trick. But tethered shooting was there on the M1.1 which used USB 2.0...


M5.3 offers USB charging when switched off but M1.2 is USB 3.0 vs 2.0

The 5.3 allows USB charging when switched off from a power bank which the M1.2 does not. However the M1.2 uses USB 3.0 instead of USB 2.0 so data transfer rate is far faster when using the USB port to copy files from the camera.(If you must do it that way...)


M5.3 does not offer sync recording with PCM recorder

This may only affect you if you use the Olympus audio recorder and an E-M1.2 to do video sound. I do so I noticed. You do, however, have the option to allocate a camera button to generate a slate tone on the M5.3 so all is not lost.


M5.3 has only one SD card slot

If you are a hobbyist/amateur or have used an M1.1 professionally, you will be used to this. Not a train smash unless you are a working professional. A nice to have but not a reason to dismiss the M5.3 out of hand in my view.


M5.3 has an IBIS rating of 6.5 stops vs 5.5 for the M1.2

Well, the IBIS unit is newer. We can't stop progress.


On sample M5.3 longest shutter speed was 30 sec vs 60 sec on M1.2


M1.2 offers a headphone connector while the M5.3 does not

Not the game changer most imply. If you do proper sound you are using an external recorder and those have headphone monitoring facilities.


M5.3 has a 120 fps slow motion Full HD video mode

If you like to follow fads and inject slow-mo sequences into your videos, this will excite you. A nice to have if you do video. All other aspects are the same except the next difference...


No OMLog400 on the M5.3

This is a decider if you do professional video work. Makes the M1.2 the choice if you need this.


M5.3 has Bluetooth and Wi-Fi connectivity while M1.2 only has Wi-Fi.

In an ever increasingly inter-connected world of devices talking to devices, no surprise. Not a deal breaker for me and one more thing to drain power if you forget it on. Obviously this adds a step or two to the menu but that is balanced by the lack of card slot menu options.


The M5.3 battery display in video mode is only in % without option of time remaining as on M1.2

Well, also not a train smash as the time left estimate has a bit of a penchant for fables anyway.


The M5.3 does not have the low ISO detail priority processing option of the M1.2 activated

This must be in the system. They both have CPU aided ISO64 settings. However, it was not in the FW V1.0 menu.


Viewfinder refresh rate setting not in M5.3 FW V1.0 menu options


M5.3 only has one button on front of camera

On the M1.2 the second button could be set to be an instant one-touch white balance setting. If you do not fiddle with your WB all the time like a pro then this is no problem. You can allocate one-touch WB to a button in the B menu.


M5.3 has only one dial position for custom memory vs 3 on the M1.2

All the memory registers are there, however. You just need to get to C2 and C3 via the menu on the M5.3.


M5.3 has a dial position to get to low light settings rapidly.

On the M1.2 you do this via M on the dial and turning the control wheels...and turning...and turning... An improvement in handling. Watch for it on the M1.3...


Exposure shift settings moved from menu E3 on M1.2 to E1 on M5.3

Just in case you get an M5.3 and wonder where it is...


M5.3 has re-labelled top right, rear button to ISO by default.

This used to be a Fn button in the past M5 models. I use this to call up focus targets so will re-allocate it in the B menu. Your needs may differ and the double-tap to activate/de-activate  touch screen targeting system may be better for you. It is possible to have both options running anyway.


M5.3 camera body only is 160 grammes lighter (with a battery)  than M1.2


As I said, all the above was based on examination of a sample running FW version 1.0. The first customer cameras may have a few differences.


If you are serious about your photography, have m43 gear already, or are considering the system, (but you are not a pro), then the M5.3 is, in my view, perhaps the best Olympus body for you.


If you are a working professional using the M1.2 and think you need a fresher model, stick around and keep your wallet at the ready....


I have a feeling Q1 2020 will be our time.


17 October 2019

So you want to be a pro?


(This summary will require at least three mobile phone/tablet screen swipes to read. The actual log referenced might easily be seven page flicks...Now that you know, you can decide what to do next.:-)

This blog post follows numerous requests during the past year or so from readers and correspondents.

I have been asked several times to either do a behind-the-scenes video while working on a shoot or to show a shoot in a studio.

Now, in all cases, my clients would be a bit miffed to have their work interrupted by me pausing at several points to capture images or footage to use for such an exercise. Likewise, they would not be pleased to see me plaster their images all over my website or Youtube.

This, I think, marks a true working professional from would-be pretenders. The more client images you are shown on a visit to a photographers website, the more sceptical I think one should be as most client work agreements, in my experience, expressly control use and open publication of the work created on those assignments.

Quite justifiably, they would feel a bit cheated on their rate if they had anything less than 100% of my attention and time and if I broke conditions of the work contracts regarding use and ownership of the images I create on their time.


Additionally, I have done the hard yards to learn how to best fulfil the briefs of my clients. Who needs a few hundred comments on how it could all be better if only I used a "real" professional camera, technique, set of post-processing actions or other "must-do to be professional" things from countless forum-potatoes who - in all likelihood judging on the time-stamps between most comments I have seen - spend most of the day on fora rather than actually going out to take photographs?


However, these past few weeks have offered an opportunity to consider the request in a different light as I have had a cluster of assignments. One of the assignments arrived unexpectedly as a result of another...err...professional...not delivering on the client brief and I had to re-shoot the work to satisfy the client. Furthermore I interacted with two other - and I will use the term loosely - photographers and their dedication (or lack thereof in one case) was illuminating. I also encountered another...erm...professional during the week.


So, if you think being a full-time working professional is a glamorous jolly with wining and dining overlooking amazing scenery, take the time to read the reality. While most weeks are not as crammed for most of us, the mundane slog and long days I detail here are ever-present.


And no, I will not do a quick summary. Read for once dammit! There are some useful tips and insights hidden among the logs. You folk said you wanted to learn how I do things...

What I will summarise, however, is what I was not able to do while actually working as a professional photographer.


During the week logged on the link I could not:


 * Post this blog article in the week to which it relates. I only finished this blog post two weeks after the week I describe herein.

* I was not able to finish any more Youtube videos for my channel.

* I could not post two other videos each week - not on Tuesdays nor on Frrridays...

* I could not have my hair done in a lovely round bouffant.

* I could not get around to sitting on comfy couches discussing whether 43 is dead or not.

* I could not do any more work on three books I have in various states of progress.

* I could not even think of a vacation.

There were a lot of other things I could not do either as work has to be an actual priority.


And what some may see as an obvious answer - hire someone to do the editing work - is not that obvious. Firstly, I am then selling their work, not mine.


Would you put your reputation, "look" and other competitive advantages in the hands of someone who could hold you to ransom for the use thereof at some stage?


Secondly, labour laws in my country are communistic and highly restrictive. Even if I could find anyone under 40 who would actually pitch up on time each day, nobody would work the hours needed to meet client briefs. Union rules forbid these sorts of hours and so I will not bother trying to hire anyone again. Isn't a socialist utopia wonderful?


It seems that only real photographers who command hundreds of thousands of subscribers on their Youtube channels find time for the things I could not get to in between all the actual pro work they apparently do.

They must have some great secret that escapes me.


Oh well...

To read the full log and get an idea of how a typical work week can run to more than 100 hours, which also includes several tips on how I approach matters, click here: Log of a week in the life of an actual working photographer


22 June 2019


My OM-D E-M1 Mark II menu booklet updated to reflect changes of firmware revision 3.0


As they did with the original E-M1, Olympus are adding features to the OM-D E-M1 mark ii in a new firmware update (Version 3.0).


I have thus updated my E-M1 mark II menu settings booklet to reflect the changes. You can download it here: OMDEM1Mk2menusettingsMDYFW3.pdf


Here are the updates:


Much better AF Performance

This upgrade utilizes the OM-D E-M1X algorithm which improves AF with fast movement in sports, etc., C-AF Center Priority delivers high-precision tracking of moving subjects and sudden subject movement. AF precision for still subjects when using S-AF is improved for various subjects compared to OM-D E-M1 Mark II firmware Version 2.3. Active use of information from the On-chip Phase Detection AF sensor also improves AF performance while shooting video.

New AutoFocus Features

Group 25-point has been added to AF Target, and is effective for photographing birds and other small subjects. C-AF Center Priority is now available, and repeatedly autofocuses with priority on the center point in Group 5-point, Group 9-point, and Group 25-point. If AF is not possible in the center point, the peripheral points in the group area assists, which is effective for subjects that move around quickly. In addition, C-AF+MF is included which allows users to instantly switch to MF by turning the focus ring while in C-AF for fine tuning the focus.

Low Light Limit Update

The AF low light limit when an f/1.2 lens is attached is -6.0 EV (ISO 100 equivalent for S-AF), enabling high precision focusing in both dark scenes and for low-contrast subjects.

Improved Image Quality

Low ISO Processing (Detail Priority) has been added for higher resolution when shooting at low ISO sensitivity, making it possible to reduce noise while shooting with low ISO settings. Compared with OM-D E-M1 Mark II firmware Version 2.3, noise that occurs when shooting at high ISO sensitivity is improved approximately 1/3 of a step.

Handling upgrades

Some new features were also added (which re-arranged some menu items and added other menu sub-pages)

  • Anti-flicker shooting added to prevent unstable exposure, particularly when sequential shooting indoors.
  • OM-Log400 movie-exclusive picture mode added, allowing the user to shoot movies without loss of details in shadows or highlight blowouts, delivery greater freedom over video creativity through color grading.
  • Frame Rate Priority added to Live View Boost/On2 display, displaying images at a comfortable brightness, even in especially dark locations, such as under a starlit sky without lowering the frame rate.
  • From 3 to 15 shots can be selected in Focus Stacking and guide lines have been added to the shooting area
  • Quick image selection added
  • Setting changes and playback display while writing to card now possible (Yay!), speeding operation.
  • Instant Film added to Art Filter
  • ISO L100 (ISO 100 equivalent) added

New option in mobile connection-Export RAW via Wi-Fi

You can now also export RAW files via the mobile connection - best upgrade your phone storage card first though...

Super charge your PC/laptop preformance with USB RAW processing

If you update your software to the latest Olympus Workspace version, and you own an OM-D E-M1 mark ii or OM-D E-M1X, you can now use the camera processor to convert RAW files via USB instead of the computer CPU. Fire up Olympus Workspace, plug in USB cable, select USB RAW option on camera menu and the software will send RAW images to the TruePic VIII processor for processing. It halved the time on my powerful up-to-date desktop system and an old Celeron Laptop we have knocking about in the studio can now process RAW files in less than a second using this method. Brilliant lateral thinking from the engineers at Oly!

Improved mic-pre-amp

I did testing of the new OM Log function on one camera before I had upgraded the other and found a noticeable reduction in the pre-amp hiss level using a shoe-mounted microphone I had grabbed for the test. Certainly, some work has also been done on audio processing parts of the camera in this firmware as the mic pre-amps now seem a lot quieter.

While this will not bother those of us using external recorders, it is a bit of good news for the home or hobbyist videographer. 

Isn't it great to get new features added to the camera long after you purchased it? I think so.

Domo Origato Olympus!


06 June 2019


In praise of Programme - The thinking photographer's manual mode.






I have had it!


So many Youtographers posting videos telling folk to only use manual mode. Some do tout what they see as the merits "for beginners" of sometimes using S/Tv or A/Av mode. Very few, however.


Almost universally, P is dismissed as irrelevant.


In my experience and daily practice, this is a huge mistake akin to trying to fly a modern airliner with all the automation assistance switched off.


Possible, but not smart. And also a huge waste of money. Why buy a machine with all the electronics and the fruits of many, many PhD graduate's learning in the first place if you are not going to use all that R&D?


Certainly tiring and just asking for a lapse in concentration to lead to disaster.


Does it not make more sense to use the automation to do the drudgery it is designed to do and free your mind to focus on the things that matter? And when you are a beginner - and especially a serious professional - that will be composition and timing.


Wouldn't it be great to leave the exposure to something like an electronic gear box with paddle shift over-ride?


It is easier to focus on setting a fast lap-time if you can leave the clutch and shift stick to the computer instead of forcing yourself to be a technician by trying to manually set all the controls.


I view Programme mode in the same way and use it more than 80% of the time when not in the studio, shooting sport or doing close-up/macro work.


Now, I can understand that leaving your comfort zone, going against collective wisdom or stepping into new ways of working can be scary.


Don't panic, I am here to hold your hand. Take a deep breath and let's learn something together...


Why I think P is a great all-purpose working photographer's mode when not in the studio

If you are working fluid, changing social action or an event and you are using a mirrorless camera, using P is like having a super-efficient - and much faster to use - fail-safe manual mode.


Let me explain a few things...


First: P does not "...just set an average setting of aperture and shutter speed...." - on OM-D cameras.


The setting chosen is not like Auto where a 45 degree line is used to plot brightness between 0 & 255 and, depending on the level measured, an aperture and shutter speed are arbitrarily read off by the algorithm. For simplicity, in Auto, if the level read is below 127, then you are prompted to use the flash or, if set to auto activate, it pops up.


Importantly, the combination of aperture and shutter speed set in P is biased on the one over the lens rule.


So, if you are using an extreme wide angle and the lens is set to - for example - 9mm, the camera will allow the speed chosen to be from a region of speeds where the average person can hand-hold the camera without inducing camera shake/blur.


If you now zoom to 200mm the camera will not initially set a speed below 1/400 sec (1/200 for the focal length x 2 for the 4/3 crop factor). Now, hand on heart, tell me you always take the focal length setting you have just zoomed to into account on every shot when setting manually.




Every single time?


Your OM-D will never forget to take it into account when picking combinations on P.


There are only ever (at best) 8 full-step aperture/shutter combinations for any given EV value you can use on manual anyway

These 7 or 8 speed and aperture combinations will provide correct exposure in any given spot. In a different spot there will be a different set but still limited to a 7 or 8 full step range. That is how light meters help you (if you still insist on using external meters.) They let you match needles that result in the rotation of two scales relative to one another. You then read off what you want from the seven or eight combinations shown.

In fact a form of P mode was on Hasselblad manual lenses! You set an EV value and the lens mechanism locked the available aperture and shutter speed combinations for that lighting level relative to one another.



1) Early P mode bodge on Hasselblad started by locking in the EV ring to the

metered EV value.



2) Which then locked the available aperture/speed combinations and you could shift between them. In this case, only 6 possible combinations.


You rotated the aperture/shutter ring to set what you needed and if you changed to another aperture the correct speed was always "automatically" set to the correct value and vice-versa. Think of that system as an early form of Programme mode with shift...


Now, on P, your OM-D (and all other modern cameras) will do the EV calculation for you and pick a combination to set from the seven or eight that will give correct exposure in the specific lighting in any particular instant with regard to the focal length in use and any exposure bias you may have set.


However, all the other viable combinations for that EV scenario are also kept in the camera memory.


Now, if you want to use, for example, a specific shutter speed, simply look at the shutter speed readout and turn either the front dial or rear dial (you can set which one activates the shift in the OM-D custom menu) to shift the set combination to any of the aperture/shutter combinations that will work in that lighting until you see the speed you want.




Camera gave this setting as its first pick in this scenario. I wanted 1/25sec to blur fast flowing water so I simply twirled the dial I have customised to operate the Programme Shift option in the custom settings menu and...




The camera obeyed and moved along the options until I had 1/25sec and f=8.0 as the exposure setting. It shows an "s" next to P to alert you that you have shifted the combination from the median chosen by the camera.


As you can see in the above image as you are shifting the combinations among the available workable combinations for that scene, the camera will display a small s next to the P mode indicator (Ps), whenever you have shifted from the median chosen by the camera.


If the speed (or aperture) you want to use for your shot is available to use in that lighting, the camera will let you shift to it. If it is not available it will go as close as it can but will not let you go beyond the safe exposure.


Now, here is the key thing - even if you switched to manual mode in that same lighting you would not be able to get any setting balanced beyond the limits of the correct EV value combinations determined by the P mode for the given EV, ISO and ambient lighting anyway!

Wait! There's more.


If you make a selection by shifting the combination and then take the camera into a totally different lighting situation, the camera will instantly calculate the new set of available combinations and set the nearest viable combination to the one you have shifted to from within the new set of seven/eight combinations to prevent over or under exposure.


This is always happening instantly. Without a thought on your part, the shot will be saved. That does not happen on M! Even with A(Av) and S(Tv) mode the camera can only change the shutter speed or aperture to the limit of the available range and if the exposure is still going to be wrong, tough luck! P has authority over both options so it can instantly correct to the correct exposure. It can be an assignment saver! Especially if you only shoot in JPEG.


And even if you, as a real pro, only shoot in RAW, if the exposure is badly wrong you will also be up the creek with no paddle.


If you consider the following series of possible combinations for a photograph, and assume the camera has chosen the middle one (green block) by turning the shift dial one way or another, you can select (Shift the setting to) combination 1, 2 or 3 or if you turned it the other way, you could select (Shift the setting to) combination 4, 5 or 6.


Some scenarios to explain how liberating this mode can be


I am at a wedding. I am working on M/manual (like a real professional should apparently...).


The bridal party is standing in a line outside the chapel. I am at an angle to them and need a good depth of field to get the nearest and furthest of the subjects acceptably sharp.


So I use one dial to set a suitable aperture value - let's say it is f=16.0 and see the exposure system is showing I am more than 3 stops under exposed. Now I need to twirl the other dial to get the little bars to disappear at the 0 mark so that I have "correct" exposure. Once there I need to check if I need added exposure bias so I can adjust that.


While I am doing all this the bridal party have turned away to chat to other guests and the moment is gone.


I may not have the shot but who cares? I can boast to you that, at least, I am a real professional and use manual!


Now, there is the little flower girl, peeping out from behind her mum's skirt. A great shot but there is stuff behind her I want blurred. Easy enough...look through the camera and set the widest aperture. Now zoom in to get her head and shoulders and adjust the other dial to get the darn bars below the exposure meter to move from past 5 stops over exposed to 0.


The problem is that while I was doing all this the little girl has now hidden behind her mum's skirt.


Don't have that shot either (and nothing for the album yet) but darn-it, that does not matter as I am using manual mode!


Like a real professional.


Now, the couple sneak back into the chapel for a quick kiss and I see them going there. As I am running to get the shot I know that I have been outside so need a slower speed and try and take a guess but, as I get to the door the action is already breaking and, by the time I have glanced at the light meter it is over.


No stress. It's OK because I am working on manual. I am a real photographer because of this...


Let us now re-visit these three situations with P engaged.


Firstly, with the bridal party shot, I can simply turn the programme shift dial (on my camera it is the rear one) until I see f=16.0, check my flag colours and histogramme (adjust the +/- with the other dial if needed to correct exposure to my taste) and hit the shutter button. All before anyone can move away.


Then I see the little girl. Without looking through the camera, using the SCP (Super Control Panel) I can turn the shift dial until I see that the combination with the widest aperture available is engaged. I then frame the shot and hit the shutter button. Got it.


Now the couple are running inside. I can follow and frame the shot. As Programme shift remembers the setting you shifted to until the camera is switched off or a lens is changed, it will use the widest aperture which I have already shifted to for the flower girl shot outside, but instantly correct the exposure setting to give me the appropriate shutter speed for the interior lighting (obviously different to what it could use outside...). Hit the button and I have the kiss secure in the knowledge that the exposure will be correct or close enough to get a good image.


All within milliseconds. Without stress.


And I am still in complete creative control as I can instantly set any shutter speed or aperture I want and it will keep that setting until I switch off the camera, change a lens or shift it to another combination of values.


All the while it is also looking at the focal length in use and, as I discussed and suspect, taking camera movement into account and keeping you within the parameters of correct exposure.


So, if you are a beginner, think about using P mode while you learn the effects of aperture and shutter speed settings. You will at least get well exposed shots which is far less depressing and demoralising than battling through hundreds of badly exposed shots as you wrestle with manual adjustments.


If you are a seasoned pro, however, why not investigate the power of Programme with Shift on your OM-D kit? And with an EVF and flag colour warnings the old argument that the "camera could suddenly be influenced and change the exposure to an incorrect setting..." no longer holds. You will see if that happens.


It is like having full control with an electronic safety net for those moments (and we all have them) when the action leads you quickly from one great shot to another.


It does the donkey-work for you but instantly gives you full manual control over creative aperture and shutter effects (plus all the other things we like to control like white balance, focus mode and position etc.) with the spin of a dial.


You need to fully understand exposure to use it to its full effect, however. It's why I call it the thinking photographer's manual mode.


Obviously, if I am shooting an entire day of show jumping it will be a pain in the shift-dial finger to keep on re-shifting to the fastest shutter speed so then I would set the camera to S (Tv) mode and set the speed I know I need and leave the rest up to the camera (still using the flag colours and exposure bias when vital).


Conversely, if I was doing a whole set of items where depth of field is vital I would set A (Av) and choose the appropriate aperture and know I can leave it there all day if needs be and the camera will sort the shutter speed for me - once again checking the flag colours and the compensation adjuster when needed.


And in a studio or when doing time exposures, light paintings or other specialist effects with strobe lights or other non-dedicated kit, then I do use M mode.


But otherwise, it's the thinking photographer's go-to catch-all, stress-free mode for me.


Why not give it a go?


I promise I will not tell on you to the other real professionals...


27 May 2019


Olympus' $27 audio miracle worker


The Olympus product ecosystem is an integrated whole. You will miss much of it if you just focus narrowly on the cameras carrying its brand.


As but one example of how the product line is more than just cameras but which integrates as a whole, lets look at a product that costs just $27.


If (as you should be doing by now if you wish to survive in commercial imaging) you shoot video as well as stills, you will come up with the need for dedicated recorders and microphone solutions to capture professional quality soundtracks.


On camera mic solutions just do not cut it. They might be acceptable for family stuff but not for clients.


The built in pre-amps on other camera brands are noticeable for adding hiss and other unwanted noise (heard Canon's helicopter sound effect yet?) but the micro-recorder division of Olympus has lent the camera boys their lovely little pre-amps so that is less of an issue on OM-D kit.


That's not to say there is no hiss or other unwanted sound from the on-camera pre-amps, but it is better than most. Anyway, these are cameras, not sound recorders. If you want good sound, you need to get a digital field recorder. Or two. Or six...


Specialist tools for sound are vital in order to have cleaner audio than an on-camera mic system can ever deliver.


The options are legend. From Tascam, Sony, Marantz, Philips, Zoom, Sennheiser, Rode and a plethora of other emerging brands, you should, according to the Youtography pack, budget for at least $100 for a "consumer grade" recorder (if a cheapskate) and upwards if you want seriously good sound.

When it comes to Lavalier microphone solutions, things get really pricey as - so the wisdom goes - good lavalier microphones cost at least $300 and a recorder to attach to them is $200.  The favourites for wedding work to mic the groom, bride and officiant are increasingly either the Tascam DR10L or the Zoom F1.

As usual, Olympus has a surprise in store to upset the apple cart if you are really on a budget -  and even if your budget is more realistic. Now, I am not really on a budget but I look for the simplest and most robust solution to any problem.


I will happily spend what is needed for any bit of kit where vital. However, when looking at solutions for kit which needs to remain unattended and out of sight while I work - such as a recorder attached to the venue audio mixing desk to capture clean microphone sound - then the lowest cost solution that delivers the required results is vital in our country where light fingers are the norm rather than the exception. In addition, the less expensive something looks, the less likely it is to catch the eye of the re-distribution operatives.

The VN541PC recorder is one such problem solver.

What? Am I nuts? $27 for a recorder that does not show levels, does not offer mutli-tracks or flashing lights? And, to top it all you cannot set the bit rate. Madness!





Olympus VN 541 PC micro recorder kit for line-out from mixing desk or bride/groom lavalier mic use for less than $40. Save more by getting reconditioned recorder for about $15-20 if you really need to watch the pennies.


This links to a short clip with the scratch track (go read that up - I am not here to educate you on all the production technicalities...) from the camera plugged in to an on-camera Rode mic and then a segment from the VN541PC attached to the mixing desk headphone monitor output where I manually adjusted the line level into the VN541PC.


I can connect it, set the levels and hit record and leave it there all day hidden among the cables that usually infest any sound station. It will capture 259 hours (yes two hundred and fifty nine hours) of audio for you on its internal memory - although a set of alkaline batteries lasts around two and a half full days so you would need to have spares on hand to do the full 259 hours!


The VN 541 PC automatically divides the files into manageable chunks on the fly if you do just hit record. If needed, you can also add markers to the files to peg different sections for easy location in post production.

What is more you can plug a headphone into the unit to monitor sound level in real time as well so who cares if your OM-D does not have a headphone jack? Use the on-board camera mic as a scratch track and use one of these with a lav or other mic plus a set of phones and you are sorted.


A final trick (or two) up its sleeve is that it automatically adapts the input to either line or to power a mic such as the Rode Video Mic Go and it can take a powered mic like a shotgun mic that uses its own on-board power. That's versatility!


OK. So it only records at 33 khz on the Music mode (which is the only mode to use...forget the rest of them) but really, can you tell a difference? In most function venues there is so much background noise that the 10 khz difference in sampling rate will only be noticed if, like the forum potatoes that pixel-peep, you look at the wave form in a sound editing programme at 400%.


You will not hear it on headphones unless they cost $300 or more and your PC sound card is audiophile level (another $700 or so) and, given that 90% of output is consumed on mobile devices these days, it will never ever be heard on those.

So, for around half the cost of one Tascam DR10L (of which I have several) you can kit yourself with 3x VN541PC recorders and three $10 lavalier microphones from any number of online outlets.

The recorder does not have auto gain on the music mode so no annoying increases in background noise during pauses and the level set is well within the standard industry rate of -12db.


One final point. To record you need to push a switch up and physically pull it down again. So no accidental button presses can stop it recording. So, hide the lav mic in his tie and pop the VN541PC into the groom's pocket with a small case after sliding the record switch up and setting the hold mode (de-activates all the buttons) and get the whole day's chatter from the groom plus good audio of the exchange of vows - it makes for great material for voice-overs on the final wedding video.


I can also attach one to the bride and the officiant as I have done to compare to the DR10L and really, the difference is negligible and needs to be wave-peeped.


OK, so you do not have a safety track like on the DR10L but, if you are really, really on a tight budget and must have a line in solution or a lav mic recorder, then the VN541PC and a few dollars worth of line cable plugs and a lav mic will get you going.


If you want to get upper end 96khz sample rates or XLR inputs with multi-track recording then Olympus make some of the best handling, quality finish PCM recorders I have found. You can consider the LS-P2 or 4 (for really compct solutions) or the boss LS-100.


The 100 in particular gives the Tascam DR60 and the Zoom H4 a serious run for their money and syncs with the E-M1/5 cameras with automatic pulse tone generation at the start of each take. It is also built like a tank with a metal casing versus plastics on most of the others. OK, so it is not $27 but it is perhaps the best $250 you could spend at this level of kit.



OK, this Oly recorder is not $27 but it is the boss! Metal casing, auto sync features with OM-D cameras and remote control facilities make it the E-M1X of PCM field recorders in my view. And the self-noise floor is lower than most others I tested before taking the plunge.


So, if you are already a renegade like me and use Olympus cameras professionally (in spite of the web wisdom that says that is not possible) then why not go the whole hog and use the Oly sound kit as well?


At least you will know how to navigate the menus...



16 April 2019


Olympus reliability - my experience

Regular readers of my blog are aware that I am an Olympus "lifer".


Yes, I have dabbled with other brands at various stages but have owned and used Olympus cameras professionally on a constant basis for the past 41 years.


I have had several e-mails recently asking about the reliability of the equipment - most especially the longevity of my digital 43 and m43 equipment. These have increased in number since the launch of the E-M1X.


Here I will list my experiences with the various digital cameras from Olympus I have owned and used since 2005.

As to the film era cameras, that is easy and can be dealt with, more or less, in a single paragraph.


My OM1s, 2s, 2S, 4s, 4Ti, 10, 20, 30 and 40 have never had an assignment stopping fault or failure. My OM2s worked the hardest of all the bodies followed by my original brace of OM4 bodies.


The Om2s had three visits to the workshops for preventative maintenance but I never had anything go in for a failure. In latter years some of the wide-aperture Zuiko film lenses have had the expected slowing of the aperture blades due to the thinner in the oils evaporating - as it does. But, other than that, each body, lens, flash unit and motor drive still functions.

Now, to the digital era.


I will list the cameras and accessories I have owned and used with their issues (if any). The year in brackets is the purchase year.


Four Thirds equipment

E-1 x 2. (2004) Nothing to report. Retained example has close to 94 000 shutter cycles and still humming away when taken out on nostalgic evening walks.


E-500. (2005). 53000 cycles and still fine. The CF card pin array needed some attention at about 30 000 cycles due to a ham-fisted assistant pressing the card in askew but that is not the camera's fault.


E-400. (2007). 62 000 cycles. Control dial needed to be cleaned and sorted at around 30 000 cycles. Since then nothing to report.


E-3 x 2 (2007). Remaining example has 107 000 cycles. It had to have the grip rubbers glued back on both the body and the HLD4. The same happened to the grip rubber of it's sibling which has since moved to Australia, (See my blog article about grip rubbers here)


This remaining camera also had a football hit it at full speed in a premiership game at about 48 000 cycles and the viewfinder LCD got a little scrambled but this is not the camera's fault. Everything else worked normally, however.


The rear screen frame cracked at about 85000 cycles but was fixed with cyanoacrylate (super-glue).


E-5. No faults except for the main grip rubber detaching at about 46 000 cycles. Now on a little more than 55000 cycles and retired to our studio display with all the other cameras above.


Four Thirds Lenses

Zuiko 14-42mm kit lens sold with the E400. Failure of aperture array.

Zuiko 70-300 mm lens (Sigma manufactured version?). Failure of aperture assembly.

All the rest (50-200 SWD, 14-54 original and mark ii, 12-60 SWD, 9-18, 7-14, 150, 35 Macro have been well behaved to date and working away on the OM-D kit via MMF3 mounts.

Four Thirds Flash units

FL-50 R x2. Both have failed in a manner where they emit full power at irregular intervals. This occurs when using TTL or manual mode. Thereafter they would not fire at all on many shots.


Both were repaired but one failed again in the same manner.


FL36R x2. One just stopped working. The other has been a gem and a life-saver when the FL50s went postal.


Micro Four Thirds cameras

OM-D E-M5 x2 (2012) . No problems. 58000 cycles on remaining example retired to collection. After the issue with the E-M1 strap lug I checked this body and found the right lug was also loose.


Eyecup split and tried to go walkabout. Fixed as detailed here.


OM-D E-M1 x2 (2015). No operational issues. Those darn grip rubbers and the rear thumb-grip rubbers came off at around 45000 cycles. Olympus Europa sent new rubbers and tape but they came off again at around 74000 cycles. So reverted to cyanoacrylate and they have behaved since and both bodies are now well over the 120K cycle mark.


Had one of the SD card slots on one camera damaged by an old SD card that detached a sliver of plastic and bent a contact resulting in a "No Card" error. Yet again, not the camera's fault. Repaired as detailed here.


The left strap lug of one body detached. The other body had its left lug coming loose. Both repaired by Olympus at a charge. I know that this was accepted as a design issue by some Asian offices of the company and repaired at no charge. Mmmmm....not something I had ever encountered before with any other camera.


OM-D E-M1 mark ii x 2. (2017) No technical problems but that *&)(&)($&$ rubber grip issue appeared earlier at around 25000 cycles. Went straight for the super glue.


OM-D E-M1X. (2019). Too new to tell. I will be keeping a beady eye on the strap lugs and grip rubbers. Time will tell.


PEN E-P2. Rear control dial went beserk due to dirt ingress on contacts. Switch cleaner used. Problem solved. Then about a year later the image stabiliser failed. Still in use as a B-Roll cut-away backup HD video camera on a tripod as repair of stabiliser will exceed any possible value fo the camera.


HLD 6 Grip for E-M5. Rubbers came off both the grip handle and the battery holder. Twice. After the stress of getting Olympus to replace the first set, I simply used the standard grip rubber solution for Olympus the second time. (See article about this here.)

HLD 7 Grip for E-M1. Lower rubber strip on base and the front grip rubber slid off....applied now studio standard OM-D rubber re-attachment procedure.


M43 Lenses


14-42 retracting kit lenses from the E-P2 and a replacement ordered to fill in for the original (the R version) have both failed due to the inner flex cables cracking. This resulted in one lens not activating the aperture and the other refusing to focus/operate at all and simply making a grinding noise.


For my money, these telescoping designs are not worth the effort. Rather spend the extra and get the 12-50mm kit lens of which the studio now has 2 examples. It is weather sealed and does not have bits that flex and fold and seems in my experience, and that of many forum members on the web, to be the reliable choice as a standard kit lens. It is surprisingly sharp and has a handy macro mode into the bargain.


All other m43 lenses - 45mm 1.8, 75mm 1.8, 12mm 2.0 12-40 2.8, 40-150 (4.5 and 2.8) and 25mm 1.8 have been well behaved to date.


So, in summary, no serious work-stopping issues have arisen with the daily working cameras. Faults and failures have been in areas that are the least expected with trim and clip-on extras.

However, that said, other pros with other brands working really hard in my country under the same climatic conditions (high temperatures and humidity) have also had grip rubbers peel away. So it does not seem to be a uniquely Olympus issue. Anyway, the fix is easy.

As for the lug mountings, however, that is -  in my view - inexcusable and I really hope this has been attended to.

However, forewarned is fore-armed and I will be very careful with the way I handle the X with heavy lenses on it.


Finally, if you own and use any OM-D equipment I have detailed above and use it lightly or occasionally - not every single day as I do - I would think that you will find the camera will outlast your interest in photography - or until the next bout of new-gear-itis flares-up.

14 April 2019

Olympus camera rubber grip repair


As I will detail in my next blog article on my experience of Olympus camera reliability, several of my Olympus digital era cameras have had the rubber grip material slide-off.


I therefore decided to post this short how-to for you to follow when the grips on your camera come off. If you work in similar weather conditions to myself, it is an odds-on bet they will do so at some stage.


These rubber grip pads are attached with a double-sided adhesive tape which is die-cut to fit exactly to the bodywork underneath.


It appears that in very hot climates the adhesive goes soft and lets the rubber slide off. Well, that's the only thing that makes sense as I have had rubber grips detach from all the hard-working camera bodies I have owned in the digital era: Both E-3s, the E-5, the OM-D E-M5 and its HLD6 grip, the E-M1s front and rear (thumb pad), the HLD 7 grip, the E-M1 mark iis and the HLD 9 grip.

In all cases you cannot get the adhesive to re-attach to the rubber.


When this first happened I got hold of Olympus Europa who kindly sent a new set of rubber grip mouldings as well as the die-cut tape out by courier.


I initially thought this odd as I had the original grips but when trying to use the older rubbers I found that they seemed to have grown a bit all around in the process of becoming detached. It was possible to get them back on to the camera or battery-grip but there was clearly a larger surface area of grip material than the underlying bodywork.


Nevertheless, I re-attached the new grips with the officially supplied tape and thought nothing more of it.


Until the grips came off again!


This time I decided to re-attach the grips using glue given that in round one of this dance I had tried to use several other types of thin double-sided tape.


So, glue seemed logical enough but the rubber itself seems to have a peculiar waxy type of surface on the smooth undersides and this appears to preclude the use of all known glues - such as would be used by logical folk - to secure it to the camera.

I initially thought of a contact adhesive as this would allow the grips to be peeled away if the items ever needed repairs. That did not work. At all.

I then tried epoxy adhesive which also failed to attach itself to the smooth underside of the rubber material.


Finally, as a last gambit prior to having to bother Olympus Europa again, I tried that good old modern wonder adhesive that sticks anything to anything (even skin to things you do not want it stuck to which is why it was the last resort...), cyanoacrylate, commonly called super or crazy glue.


This works a treat on Olympus camera rubber grips!


Below are some images showing the before and after of replacing the rubber on an HLD-7 and HLD-6 grip.


First, remove the grip and set to one side. In all my cases there has then been the adhesive tape left on the camera. I have yet to have any stay stuck to the grip material. Nevertheless, remove all the old adhesive from the camera or grip. I found this easiest to do by pushing my thumb up against the material from an un-glued area which made it all roll up into a neat ball of gunk which was easy to remove.


I then cleaned the surfaces and the grip material with surgical spirit to ensure they were clean.


Next, I placed adhesive in the areas higlighted in the photographs so as to prevent any screws getting permanently glued in place if ever the item needed to be dismantled in a workshop. I also worked from one edge to the other and made sure to glue the sides in first as well as the entire long-edge from which I started the process. Your mileage and decisions on glue placement may vary.


Please note: The usual caveats apply here - especially when working with superglue. Use rubber gloves or similar to prevent your fingers getting stuck to your OM-D camera gear. Work slowly from one side at a time and make sure you get the little ridges in the grips pressed into the slots on the item itself otherwise you will find you have bubbles under the grip material.

I used a bowl of ice water in which to contract the grips before gluing into place. In this way I overcame the fact that the grips seem to be larger than the area over which they fit. Just pat the grip material dry with a towel and then stick into place before it warms to room temperature again and expands.


So far, none of the glued grips have come off again and the oldest of these repairs has now been in the field for more than two years.




A grip rubber flapping about or detached?. Clean all the double-sided adhesive off the item surface and from the rubber itself.


HLD-7. Red lines and dots is where I put glue. I carefully avoid putting it anywhere near or over screws.




The HLD-6 front grip rubber. You can see the carefully cut double-sided tape originally used quite clearly. The red dots show where I placed super-glue when re-attaching the rubber - I removed the double-sided sticky origami first though.



HLD-7 again. Put crazy glue along the edges and on enough of the item surface to keep it flat. Insert rubber from one edge to the other to keep it flat. Ensure that ridges in rear rubber face of front grips/handles mate with cut-outs in the grip or camera body.






Finished repair. That rubber is not going walkabout in a hurry now!

25 Februray 2019


Why not complain about FujiFilm's new mini-micro-four-thirds sensor format?

As if dealing with all the factors involved in earning an income from photography were not enough, latter days have added another factor to juggle.

Dealing with folk who, apparently experts in all things photographic, like to walk right in front of your camera while you are shooting to see "...what kit you are using..."

Ask anyone wearing an official photographer's shooting bib at virtually any event where the public can get nearby and you will find this is an occupational hazard.

Generally, this sort of interest in your job has been around for decades but recent times have made the experience not only onerous, but tedious as, invariably, whenever someone sees the Olympus name on my cameras, they feel they have to try and make me see the apparent error of my ways.

Now, as I am generally being paid to capture images or footage of the event I seldom have the time (and as time passes a decreasing amount of patience) to engage with these self-proclaimed experts.

I know how the discussion will go anyway.

Generally it will involve the twin fallacies of the alleged (but incorrect) "equivalent aperture and lens length" argument and the apparently "noisier sensor" because "physics is just physics" quote from an increasingly - in my view, infamous - website that is apparently regarded as the world's leading authority on digital photography.

These twin fallacies have taken on a life of their own and there is little point in trying to explain the several inter-connected issues involved in exposure, the native ISO sensitivity of silicon substrates, the variables introduced due to shot noise effects resulting from shutter speed selection relative to the ambient lighting conditions and the inverse square law of light which even the most suave of the 'Merican Youtographers and his lady have simply glossed-over in their quest for clicks and advertising revenue.

Anyhow, on a positive note there is, these days, a newer breed of know-it-all who has at least seen the light regarding mirrorless cameras.

This group will acknowledge the merits of such designs but will then crow that if you are going to do this then you should at least get a Fujifilm body as the APS-C sized sensor - having a larger size - will give lower noise and more detail while still delivering the small form factor of my "dinky sensor size" (thanks shouty 'Merican Youtographer Hair-man...) Olympus.

Except, of course, that when they crow about the fact that their beloved Fujifilm XT-3 can do 30 frames per second, they do not appear to know that this is only with a 1.5x crop on the image area.

To put it in simple terms the 4/3 sensor has 243 sq/mm surface area from its 18x13.5mm sensor while the XT-3 has a smidgen less at 237.5 sq/mm from the 19x12.5mm cropped sensor area. So it is, in effect, a mini-micro-four-thirds format ;-)


So, on what has become the accepted "physics is physics" argument of those who claim to know about these things, the XT-3 should give a less satisfactory performance as regards noise than the 4/3 system when shooting at similar frame rates on the electronic shutter?

What a relief. I am no longer using the - taking the "accepted" wisdom of the net - worst sensor format on the market.

My only issue now is how to quickly show these anoraks - using the same argument used against 4/3 - that their beloved system has an equivalent aperture which is worse than the 4/3 system when compared to a legacy 35mm sensor...you know, that sub-minature format invented by an asthmatic hiker who squeezed movie film into a small camera body way back when to have something smaller to carry around back when real photographers used 20x25 cm (8x10 inch) FULL FRAME negatives!

I am thus leaning towards a rather gruff response to the next know-it-all proselytist akin to that proffered to the waiter in Monty Python's Meaning of Life restaurant scene when the server offered him a wafer-thin mint he really had no need of.

I think it might just be the most fitting answer to all this idiocy.

Oh what the heck.... my clients only care about the results being what they require. And my Olympus kit delivers what they need.


And unlike forum potatoes I don't zoom in to 500% in search of the minutest, imagined, flaw simply to have something to post on a forum or to have a titbit of faux-knowledge with which to bait a working photographer.


Life really is too short for that.

End of rant.


31 January 2019

My OM-D camera menu settings (Including proposed EM-1X settings)

Following my last blog entry I have been sent several mail messages from folk on various continents indicating they enjoyed the forthrightness of my approach.

Many ended by asking what my menu settings are on my existing cameras and what I would set on the E-M1X.

Well, as we have just finished a briefing/training session with all my assistants on the new camera we will soon be getting, I can let you know what we have decided to do as an initial default set up.

As we have used both the original E-M1 and the Mark ii for some time now, I am also posting a link to a booklet detailing our settings for those cameras.

For even older cameras like E-3 and E-5, I used similar settings for both models and these are  detailed in my E-3 power-user's guide available as a free download here: http://flightlevel42.co.za/E3pug.pdf (Where you will also learn that uniquely shaped, easily identified buttons are not a fancy new idea on Olympus cameras - they've been at that for ages...)

You will see that, rather than post a list of sterile options such as those found elsewhere, I do try and provide some insight into my choices and how and why you might wish to modify my default options.


Download the E-M1 (original) menu settings PDF here: Mark D Young's Olympus OM-D E-M1 (mark 1) menu settings. (19 pages 288KB)


My default settings with explanations for using them for the Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark ii (Updated to firmware 3.0) can be downloaded here: Mark D. Young's Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark ii default menu settings. (25 Pages 395KB)


Download my proposed settings for the new E-M1X here: Mark D Young's Olympus OM-D E-M1X proposed initial menu settings (31 pages 350KB)

25 January 2019

Youtographers and Blowtographers - Oh dear, here we go again!

Yesterday Olympus Corporation announced a specific, niche market camera aimed at professional users.

No, not at owners of E-M10s or E-M5s or even, in fact, E-M1s.

Updates to those cameras are due shortly in the form of new models and firmware (in the case of the E-M1 mark ii).


Two different cameras aimed at two different markets - just don't read the manuals before judging them, OK? (Image: Olympus media release)

The E-M1x is aimed at folk who use a camera all day, every day in harsh environments. Like Africa. Like news assignments where when running away from a frenzied mob your safety is your prime concern. Or when doing long days next to a dusty show-jumping arena. Or a set of four rugby fields. Or when hiking up mountainsides in the rain to photograph civil engineering infrastructure damage.

By and large, as is to be expected these days, a lot has been published on the internet about the camera and most of it within minutes of the official announcement.

What one should not expect, however, is the rash of utter bovine excrement which has now been flooding the internet, Youtube and several blogs.

Almost every "reviewer", "first impressionista" and other user has mentioned that they had the camera, at most, for a week and, in the majority of cases, less than that. Two of the most widely viewed Youtographers clearly mentioned two days.

I would like to know if ANY of these folk first sat down with the camera and read the 681 page handbook?

I would venture not.

Especially the one who displayed a total lack of understanding of the idea and process behind pro-capture mode. "I guess it just fills up the card or discards the images...I dunno..." he yells.

That same reviewer then praises the in-body stabiliser system (apparently claiming never to have seen it before...??) but then, when using it for video, complains about it being a bit wobbly. In the video settings menu of the camera there is a specific IBIS setting to prevent this sort of effect when shooting on video. However, that little bit of information is in the manual and not easily absorbed from the atmosphere via osmosis - no matter how much you yell when speaking or how many followers you have on Youtube.

And we will not even discuss the very, very odd results he showed from - allegedly - ISO6400. Elsewhere on this blog I show images from the E-M1 (original model) shot at ISO3200 and ISO5000 and they have nowhere near the amount of alleged noise claimed for this latest model. Likewise the E-M1 mark ii regularly yields sharp, well-detailed images of soccer, rugby and cricket in floodlit conditions at ISO6400. Add this to the fact that he states elesewhere that the camera he used did not have production firmware (and I doubt his famous raw converter had the correct profile for the camera either) and his definitive condemnation of the camera and system is directly at odds with his stated aim to be fair and honest.

He was pretty obviously - in my view - only aiming to be controversial and hip - not accurate or logical.

And so it goes on all over the web.

Anyhow, if any of these cult heros had read the manual, would that have changed their (in one or two notable cases - such as the one just mentioned...) obvious bias?


If you have spent time with the camera you will have been able to work your way through the 681 pages and you would have found that the level of customisation available on the camera means that you need to tune it to your needs. To expect it to be all things to all people right out of the box (and in several cases with pre-production firmware to boot) is not only naive, but idiotic.

The E-M1 mark ii has an amazing ability to lock on to moving subjects and track them, giving more "keepers" than ever in my sports photography. However, I had to learn a few new tricks versus my E-M1 experience and tweak the settings to suit my style of shooting.

The E-M1x has additional focus tuning features not found on the E-M1 mark ii and so, to simply expect the machine to magically know what you want from it is a bit off.

As but one example not mentioned in many of the "reviews", it is possible to not only tell the camera what delay to use when re-setting focus on C-AF, but you can also tell it where to start looking when it re-focuses - either in the middle target,or any one of the number of targets you have selected to use. This number and pattern of targets is also totally customisable.

So, you need to do a bit of work and it will reward you, I am willing to wager, with an AF C performance the equal (at least) of any camera on the market. My E-M1 mark ii certainly does - And yes I regularly use the so-called market leading flappy mirror dinosaurs as well as the legacy 35mm sized sensor mirrorless model from another electronics firm that bought the now defunct Minolta company.

While virtually every "reviewer" and commentator I have watched or read is universal in their condemnation of the fact that the camera has a specific tracking feature to recognise moving vehicles with "only" a setting for trains, aircraft and motorsport, few have twigged to the fact that this feature marks the first step in something that will soon become ubiquitious in cameras - computational photography where the feature set is improved not by hardware but firmware.

One apparently reputable site's reviewer, to his credit, went so far as to point out the positive aspect of this feature but then lamented that there was but one way to set this: "...you must enter the menus to enable or disable the deep learning autofocus..." which is a little short of the truth..

This function can be changed via the super control panel or simply recorded in one of the MY Menu or C (Custom) dial positions. And finally, if he insists on sticking to wanting to use the menu for this, he can make his life infinitely easier by using the fastest method of all. That would be to make use of the "soft" custom function each OM-D has and that is that the last setting you adjusted will be called up next time you press a button. So, in this case, set menu items to "remember cursor position" and set the deep learning you want. Next time you press the MENU button voila! The deep learning setting will appear in front of your eyes.

What is so hard about that. Oh wait...need to read the manual...ahh, riiiight.

Nevertheless, while Olympus quietly carry on working on new algorithms to add via firmware updates, you can go RTFM and use the target cluster settings and the associated customisation to get it sticking like glue to any subject not yet in the available deep learning settings.

The viewfinder is also, it seems, simply dismissed based on the pure number of pixels it boasts. Nobody has seen the difference outside of a very select group of lucky testers.

A major difference in the Olympus viewfinders versus other, apparently higher resolution ones, is the fact that the others use interlaced display methods while the Olympus one is a progressive scan unit. Try following fast moving action with the others then try an E-M1 mark ii or the E-M1 x and we can talk again about whether its the numbers or the technology that counts in this particular case.

The processing and the optics in front of the display make for an amazing viewfinder. Try it yourself if you are interested in the cameras before simply judging usefulness only on the spec sheet.

More than one reviewer even lamented tha fact that the "highlight and shadow tone curve feature appeared to be missing" from the E-M1x.

No. It is not. Press the +/- button and then INFO and presto! An "apparently missing" feature suddenly appears.

Finally (for now) unsurprisingly most "reviewers" also re-hashed the old mythical chestnut about the Olympus menu system being illogical and "complicated". This has taken on a life of its own and become an internet "fact". It is also bovine excrement.

Yet again, as someone who teaches at a photo school it is no more complicated or full of items than any modern Canon, Sony, Pentax, Panasonic or Nikon menu.

All brands have a number of camera function setting pages, a playback settings page, a custom settings page, a system settings page and a "My menu" page.

With tears in my peepers...have they actually had a look at the latest menu options in the settings pages of upper-end Nikon and Canon models? A similar number of (at first) bewildering menu options exist in all modern cameras.

They are all laid out in groupings according to the areas they set. With a bit of patience (and their manuals) all becomes logical and easier to understand.

However, no other manufacturer has fully implemented the fantastically simple and easy to use Super Control Panel (SCP) on every Olympus camera which puts every vital setting one button press away. (See this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QgLMOO5x3IY ) Canon has, however, come the closest with the Q button but still leaves some options found on the SCP to a menu dive.

In fact, any modern Olympus is so easy to set I am happy to take on any other camera owner in a menu setting challenge if they are willing to meet me at my local coffee shop.

Of course, this ease of use and the logic of the menu system is detailed in the manual...

Oh wait. Silly me!

It appears that old-school patience, research and understanding is a secondary consideration when there are views and hits to be counted for being first - or contentious - rather than accurate.

As was famously said one day by a very close family member, "One day you will learn that common sense is not."


Click here to download my free booklets with My_OM-D_camera_menu_settings_(Including_EM-1X_settings)

23 January 2019

Some insight into paying for professional equipment

So. An additional OM-D camera is to be announced on 24 January 2019.




The new Olympus camera announced on 24 January 2019. It's

arrival has not gone un-noticed!


There are many fora on the internet where the new camera, aimed at a specific niche market for working professionals, is being condemned as a silly move by the company.


The two chief issues being raised appear to be its alleged high cost and the fact that it is too big.


Firstly, the cost is not - in my view - so much of an issue when viewed against the cost of an HLD9 grip plus a spare battery to the original list price of the E-M1 mark ii. This put you nearly in the mid $2k range anyway so, in that light, I do not feel the price of the x is that far out of line given its added abilities and ruggedness.


There is no doubt in my mind that this latest tool from Shijuku-Ku will find a spot in the equipment lockers of most people who actually make a living with their Olympus cameras.


This is so as - if you really run a legitimate full-time business - in most jurisdictions you have two common options of making equipment pay for itself. The first is by way of a lease or financed purchase. In this case the repayments are regarded as a business expense by most revenue authorities and are thus fully deductible from the company income for taxation purposes.

The second way of owning the equipment is to simply buy it outright. Either with finance or savings.


Allied to this aspect, remember that in many countries one can write-down the value of electronic equipment and other tools against annual earnings over a period of several years. In my locality, three.

So, in effect, the equipment will pay for itself at the rate of around $165 a month for two OM-D E-M1x bodies when depreciated across this period.

In my case, I allocate a portion of the costing for each assignment to "equipment cost" and when the assignment is paid, this percentage goes into a savings facility. The portion is calculated using the historical average number of assignments in any three year period so that the projected replacement cost of equipment will be available when needed.

In this way there is always sufficient funding to upgrade or renew equipment. This includes computer workstations, software licences and studio equipment if necessary. So, in effect, cash flow serves to fund equipment without the need for a monthly cash amount flowing to a third party via an interest-bearing lease and I own the equipment and can realise a value for it if sold on when it gets replaced.

As to the size of the camera, this is not an issue for me either as I have always purchased cameras with battery grips anyway. The size of the E-M1x is not that much larger than the E-M1ii with the HLD9. Certainly the E-M1x is far smaller and less bulky than the older E-5 body with the HLD4!

And, if I really need to get a camera as small as possible to be as unobtrusive as can be when going into dodgy areas for news assignments, the E-M1ii HLD9 can be taken off and I can carry the camera with a 45mm 1.8 in a small, lightweight package.

However, when using the longer lenses all day at a sports event then the added "heft" of the camera with its built-in grip, plus the added battery capacity, will make the E-M1x a great, balanced tool when hand-holding the Pro and Top-Pro lenses.


Add in another three years of firmware R&D which most likely will provide better IQ all-round (especially, of course, at that all important setting above ISO6400 for those every evening  shoots of black cats in coal mines which simply everyone does all the time... ;-) plus simpler in-studio and on-location connectivity and the camera gets its place in our equipment line-up

All-in-all the E-M1x, like the other models in the range, is designed to be the right tool for specific users. No single camera is aimed to be all things to all people.

I am certain that if you do not see yourself finding a use for the E-M1x, you will find a use for the other cameras that are certain to be announced this year. And they will be.


In the interim, as our original E-M1s are fully depreciated already and knocking on 120K shutter cycles or thereabouts, our studio order is already prepared for a brace of the x models to partner the mark iis with their HLD9 grips.


I just hope that this time they have screwed the strap lugs on properly.



26 September 2018

Why I'm certain Olympus camera equipment is here to stay




A professional camera is one that helps a working photographer make money. I took this image and hundreds of others in the same mould, with my OM30 (OMF) camera regarded as "inferior" by the camera cognoscenti of the day. However, like the OM-D range now, it had unique features not found in other equipment and so it earned its place in my camera bag for specific assignments. Read more about the "killer app" of the OM30 in the blog article. (Reproduced from an archived 35mm transparency)

So, at the final bi-annual Photokina the inevitable change to mirrorless by all camera manufacturers of any consequence has come to pass.


It only took a decade.


Ten years in which the last dollars were squeezed out of more and more warmed-over legacy flappy mirror DSLR designs by the giants of the camera manufacturing universe while they claimed to be offering the latest and greatest in innovation,


While those teams spoke about innovation, Olympus, Sony and Panasonic actually got on with it and changed the camera industry.


And, yet, instead of giving due credit, almost predictably - yet again - the forum potatoes and opinionistas of the camera world are predicting the demise of Olympus and mFT from the market as it does not appear to be offering a legacy 35mm sized sensor model


The Olympus camera division has vast experience of this type of dooms-day prophecy. As a 40 year veteran of professional Olympus camera use I have lived through most of it before.


Right from the start of the OM SLR system the know-it-alls have giggled at innovations from Olympus. Way back in 1972 they smiled when the seemingly dainty M1, later - after bleating from Leica - the OM1, was announced. "Too small for serious photographers..." said many as they huffed and puffed while carrying the holy quad of lenses (and back then it was a 28mm, a 50mm, a 135mm and if you did sports a 200 or 300mm) plus two bodies about.

Then in 1975 the OM2 arrived with off the film metering and TTL flash and the ability to link up to 9 flash units together in an array (yes, way back then!). "Real professionals calculate the guide number and aperture manually..." sneered those who claimed to know it all. In less than half a decade all systems offered TTL flash units and creative light-painters have never looked back.


While this was going on the folk who actually take cameras out into the world and really use them in order to earn a living every day (rather than pontificating about doing that while the equipment actually lives inside the cupboard) set about using the OM system in the far reaches of the planet.

In the early 80s ESP metering was put into the OM40 at about the same point that Nikon launched matrix metering with the FA. "A gimmick!" and "Real pros use handheld meters!" cried the nay-sayers. Try and find any camera or mobile phone that does not offer matrix (evaluative) metering now.

Next, the OM4Ti launched full-syncro (FP) flash which added the cherry on top of the awesome light metering system it already had. You guessed it - "It's just a fad. Not really something most serious photographers will ever use..." grumbled the chaps down the camera clubs. Take the FP/H flash feature or spot metering off any wedding photographer or avian photographer's camera today and watch them bleat.

Then, of course came the auto-focus revolution.

In case you were not around in 1985 that was when Minolta (the soul of which lives on in Sony kit today) launched the Dynax 7000 (Maxxum 7000 in Zee speaking countries...). Canon then hoofed all their previous supporters in the teeth in 1987 and switched to the EOS lens mount from the FD mount that had brought them to that point citing the fact that they could not make AF work with the old mechanical system. And this was without any adaptor! Thank goodness DP Review, Twitter, Facebook and Instagram were not around then...they would not have survived the outrage.

Olympus offered an AF solution (using the OM mount) for those who wanted algorithms to do the job for them but, for the most part, by using the OM kit daily I had sorted out techniques for sports and other fast-action photography. In some cases I even used (gasp!) the "non-professional" yet un-loved OM30 and the awesome in-focus trigger system to pay the rent.




What on earth...? Did I just say I used this camera professionally? You better believe it - that red circle shows the port for the in-focus trigger system. Plug cable from here to motor drive release. pre-focus on any given spot (with ANY OM mount lens) and Presto! As soon as your subject moved into exact focus the camera activated the shutter and drive system (up to 5 fps on this model). It was a "killer app" for getting grand-prix cars and motorcycles tack-sharp in mid corner. Obviously too far ahead of its time as no similar feature is readily available today. However, the point is, if you fully understand the equipment and it's features, any camera can earn money for your business.

As the 1990s ran into the Two Thousands the OM system passed gracefully into history. That was not too much of an issue as the lenses and other kit could take advantage of the improving film emulsions that came along.

For those who had a majority load of sports shooting in their schedules there was a bit of a conundrum. In those cases, it made sense to get an AF capable camera. By the mid 1990s the AF systems had matured and made sense. I personally opted to go the Nikon F5 route. While more compact than previous F series models it was still a bit of a size culture-shock - especially in regard to lenses on a like for like basis. I only used it for fast moving action and for the rest I carried my OM gear about. Mmm...two systems for different needs? Fancy that!

Now, while folk were predicting the demise of Olympus as digital fever took hold, they appeared to have forgotten that Olympus had been busy innovating in that space with the Camedia digital compact series, the E10 and E20 as well as digital endoscopes for some time. So, when they announced their entry into the DSLR market with the E-1 in 2003 it had some pretty interesting innovations.

Prime among these was the dust reduction system and a lens mount and system designed specifically for digital imaging.


Nowadays there is not, as far as I am aware, a camera without this dust reduction feature. If there is, I would not wish to use it. And, of course, we are currently seeing a rash of new "designed for digital" lens mounts...

Then came live view. "A solution looking for a problem..." said one very famous review site. Enough said on that one. (Cough! Cough!)

Then they added the Super Control Panel for one touch access to most menu functions which is now also an ubiquitous feature (On Canon the Q menu and on Nikon the "i" option menu).


With the E-510 they brought in body stabilisation from their older 35mm film-era fixed-lens iS series to interchangeable lens cameras. This is now considered a must-have feature for most manufacturers wishing to compete in the marketplace. It certainly avoids one having to buy a stabiliser mechanism over and over again everytime you purchase a new lens.


Then, of course, came the EP line in 2008 followed by the OM-D series in 2012 when flappy mirrors and prisms were consigned to the technological graveyard and a 5 axis in body stabiliser became the new normal for shake reduction.


I admit to being one of those who was concerned at the loss of the mirror. Then I used an EVF and a stabilised OM-D for a few months.


The rest, as we now see, is history.


Now, why am I not concerned about Olympus camera division's survival in spite of their lack of an earth shatering announcement at Photokina?


Simple. They said all they needed to say. "Next year is our 100th anniversary year..." I reckon it is going to be an exciting one.


I think they will continue to be around for the future as, unlike the so-called "big boys", the Olympus camera division is not so large as to get mired in the inertial mud of its own size, Its parent is not wholly dependent on its camera market share to justify its existence and it is still compact enough to be responsive, innovative and visionary.

These factors permit it to develop technology which benefits not only photographers, but the other imaging professionals to which the company caters and which many do not even think about - medical and scientific imaging professionals who account for more than 3/4 of the wider company's revenue.


As mentioned in the short address given by the head of the camera division at Photokina on 25 September 2018, the Olympus camera division remains focused on developing technology and products that not only benefit creative photography but also the rest of the company's product range.


So, there you have it. The camera division will remain around, notwithstanding what the opposition are doing as it has a mission beyond pleasing the internet.


As to professionals choosing to use Olympus mFT equipment for the benefits it brings, I can confirm what the manager of Olympus Europa said. I spend a good deal of time walking around carrying equipment up mountains, radio and water towers, hanging out of aircraft doors and running with crowds of protesters in addition to doing corporate portraiture, event photography plus covering sports events and weddings in rural areas of our country in all kinds of environmental conditions.


For my needs  the size and volume of a full set of working kit in the OM-D system is perfect. The small lenses and compact bodies all work together to deliver a competitive advantage in my work over larger lenses and camera bodies with more sensor real estate from other brands. I am sure I am not alone in being able to exploit this.



If, like me, you needed to regularly hike up mountainsides like these to get documentary images for infrastructure providers in the back of beyond, you would soon understand the benefit of the mFT system and why it has a place in the pantheon of professional photographic tools.

What counts is the result. And the MFT system consistently delivers outstanding image quality in a huge range of conditions (including negligible noise in very low light conditions - mFT sensor silicon is NOT any noisier than any other sensor silicon - you just need to understand exposure on a sensor!) and its unique, compact nature permits me to get the camera to the place where the client wants the shot taken,

And, when in the studio doing commercial work, the high-res mode of the E-M1 II gives all the super fine quality the agencies think they need for printing at 150 dpi in magazines.

I said "think they need" as most images are now almost exclusively viewed on 72 (or perhaps, in high-end repro studios 180?) dot per inch screens, with a data link somewhere in between. In most parts of the world beyond Europe, North America and the Far East, that data link is not blessed with speed, reliability or great bandwidth.

In the small number of cases where images are intended for printed output, they are almost invariably reproduced in offset-printed CMYK processes for magazine use or output to large inkjet printers. In all such cases the dynamic range of the image file is squished into the restrictions of the CMYK color-gamut anyway. So all the arguments about having the ultimate dynamic range and highest resolution "which only a legacy sized 35mm format sensor can provide" is increasingly moot save for impressing the odd pixel peeping graphic art director.

In general, I have found that the highest quality image with the smallest possible file size for the task at hand is what drives the industry today and it is, in my experience, what will increasingly drive it going forward.


In that world I am confident that the 43 sensor in the mFT system offers - as did the OM system at the start of my career - the ideal balance between portability, responsiveness and quality.


As to those who say 4/3 is the "wrong size" sensor which has been "pushed as far as it can go". two things: Firstly, none of my clients ask about, or even notice, what the sensor format is.


Secondly, there is still room on the 4/3 sensor format for up to 31 megapixels at a pitch of 2.8 microns- which is a pixel-pitch others were already using on their "Pro" DSLR sensors which were smaller than the 4/3 sensor way back in 2005! So the format has not nearly been "pushed as far as it can go" as alleged by so many forum potatoes.


A 24-27 MP 4/3 sensor is, in my view, an inevitability in the not too distant future. It would make sense for this to appear in the equivalent of the current E-M1 in the range when it arrives and, coupled to the high-res mode, users will get up to 70-80MP resolution when needed in an improved, faster high res algorithm making landscapes a cinch. The E-M5 equivalent can then get the curent E-M1 sensor resolution along with the high-res mode tweaks (if they appear as I expect.)

As 2019 is the 100th anniversary of the company, I am certain that glimpses of the next decade of innovation in photography will be revealed by Olympus before the next Photokina in March 2019.


And, in addition to my postulated new, higher res sensor, tweaked high-res mode and a sharper, high-resolution EVF, what else could be "next"?


Listening to the head of Olympus Europa mention making the cameras  "...more intuitive to operate..." I have a feeling that part of the innovation we are yet to see will involve removing the need for decades of book and theoretical learning in order to get the settings adjusted for that great shot you have in mind.


AI is, in all probability, on its way in some form or another at some point in the not too distant future.

AI will increasingly make arguments about the size of the sensor irrelevant as intelligent algorithms can already remove noise and sort bokeh on demand in-camera or on the studio workstation. This trend will continue as will, I feel, the ease of interconnectivity between the cameras and all other devices forming the professional workflow.


I think it is pretty self eviden too that improved integration and ease of use of professional quality video will be incorporated in all future top-line camera models. Convergence of the two media (stills and video) is a reality for any working profesional nowadays.


As to speculation about Olympus needing to make a larger format camera, it is technically possible with the existing m43 mount as the image circle is double what it needs to be for the 4/3 format. However, given Sony's investment in Olympus I cannot see that Olympus would see any honour in going head to head with Sony by trying to enter a very crowded legacy 35mm format sensor market.


Additionally with the Sony and Zeiss partnership I think Olympus joining the L-mount alliance might cause too much loss of face among the shareholders ( and introduce a cost for licence fees to Leica whereas the mFT mount does not attract a licence fee) so I feel that is a remote possibility. However, there are all those Olympus legacy size sensor lens patents floating about out there but I suspect they will see the light of day with Sony logos.


I am confident that Olympus will bring new developments to m4/3, especially as Olympus is still designing new lenses for the format. Speaking of which, with the Tokyo Olympics taking place in 2020 would anyone bet against a very fast 200mm prime (400mm legacy 35mm format equivalent) making a debut in the Olympus PRO line? I wouldn't.


Those of us who use camera equipment to survive need to select the most suitable tools needed to be competitive and efficient in the market sectors in which we have strengths and seek to compete. Olympus has always done the same and I do not expect them to suddenly change tack from offering a powerful combination of portability with the best quality. It's been their philosophy since Maitani-San led the OM design team. It is Olympus' "killer app" and it offers a rich market niche to exploit as it is not a crowded sector.




A vital aspect of the Olympus system for me is that it does not intimidate people or look like costly equipment. In far away informal and semi-formal settlements this is an advantage. It also permits you to capture candid images easily as the camera is seldom noticed...except by the eagle eyes of the very young!




However, I would not panic about the creep of AI and other tech in the professional equipment market if you are a true professional.

Taking the photograph is, perhaps, 20% of the effort involved in any professional assignment. Professionalism involves meeting the needs of the client and offering the most cost-effective solutions on time, every time. People and management skills are key. Thankfully those soft-skills are not, in any way, dependent on the size of the sensor in your camera bag and they cannot be replaced by AI.

So relax and use your camera equipment, whatever it may be, to the best of its potential and leave others to do the same.

I am sure Olympus are developing the next generation of tools to keep clients like me employed doing things with light and images we cannot imagine at present. And those tools will, for the foreseeable future, use mFT lenses and be compact and easy to get to where they are needed.

So, here's to the next 100 years of Orinpasu Kabushiki-gaisha !

23 August 2018

Nikon does the logical thing - illogically


One of the two mirrorless cameras announced by Nikon today. Mmmm. (Image courtesy of a Nikon media release)


So, after months of rumour and a not very subtle media build-up, Nikon launched their entry into the modern camera world today.


In addition to two new camera models revealed in a boring, copy-cat iPhone style launch (and all modern product launches seem to be the same ho-hum format with ages of waffle before showing everyone what they came to see...) the firm also introduced a new lens mount design, which they are calling the Zed mount. And no, I refuse to be dictated to by their language police in regard to the way this is pronounced.


The last bit of protest is due to the fact that Nikon is so full of their own importance they have issued an edict that the cameras and mount be referred to - on a worldwide basis - in the American way of pronouncing the last letter of the alphabet, which of course many UK-English speakers know is Zed and not Zee.


Perhaps they have done this as they need to draw attention away from the elephant in the room which is why they have re-designed the mount as they have.


One of the justifications for the redesign was alluded to in their launch material - the older Nikon F mount (which they will still milk for all it is worth, however) was, as were all but one of the legacy 35mm camera mounts - simply not wide enough to permit a large image circle. This, as Nikon explained, limited their lens range to a maximum aperture of f=1.4.


There are two other reasons, of course, which they will not say much about.


The first is that in order to make a legacy 35mm sized sensor mirrorless design deliver the full benefits of lower mass and volume, they needed to do away with the added complication of the anti-vignetting processor and circuitry which all legacy 35mm sized sensor cameras have had to pack inside in order to pre-process the image to remove the ever-present darkened corner pixels which have plagued every attempt to offer a legacy 35mm sized sensor camera.


Yes, they all have had to put them in - this technical problem was caused by the made for purpose image circle of legacy 35mm film lens designs and it was, in the first instance, why initial DSLR cameras had what is now called a cropped sensor.


The sensor was simply reduced in size to the point where all light rays were hitting the pixels at 90 degrees instead of at the angle of 60 degrees or more in the outer corners of a legacy 35mm frame area.


Olympus, one of the two pioneers of mirrorless camera designs a decade ago (Yes, it was them and Panasonic and not Sony as most reports in the media today seem to believe) avoided all the issues with vignetting by making their digital lens mount large enough to ensure a 90 degree path to the sensor throughout the frame even up to a f=1:1.2 aperture, way back in 2004 when they and several other firms set the 43 standard. This why their camera system boasts several f=1.2 lenses today.


Oh, and of course, while we are at it, lets remember who brought quick access menu control, live view, 5 axis image stabilisation, sensor dust reduction and weather sealing (the latter way back in 1984) to the industry....


Anyway...a larger lens throat finally makes it possible to get (I will assume) a pure, non anti-vignetting, pre-processed image off the arbitrarily decreed holy grail of image sensor size, the legacy sized 35mm sensor. It is interesting to note, however, that, in theory - the original 43 lens mount has the ability to more than adequately cover a legacy 35mm frame. Not that that will change the orbit of our planet...yet.


However, the next reason is likely to remain hidden.


It is that Nikon needed to have a design that would help them shore-up the company by generating added revenue.


And the Z lens mount is 55% larger than the F-mount., This means any lens they now make for this new system will, of course, have an equivalent increase in the lens glass diameter. This means more Nikon optical glass out the door and, of course, more revenue.


If you think this is fanciful, simply compare the launch cost of the 50mm f=1.8 S Zed system lens to the existing 50mm AF Nikkor. There is a ZAR2000 gap between the two!


So, any pretence that Nikon may have made about "Mirrorless not harming our market..." is just so much guff.


They launched a mirrorless series which is clearly aimed at the two firms hurting them most and with the largest market share at the two price points. The Z7 appears to be aimed at Sony's similarly priced unit in the upper market and the Z6 matches the Olympus OM-D E-M1 mark II price point.


Further credence for this thought comes from the fact that the Z6, in body price and size of the camera with its kit lens is nearly identical in almost every measurement to the E-M1 Mark II with the 12-40 Zuiko lens.


However, in all the hoopla being generated by the launch of the system, and notwithstanding that (in my view) irritating, over-rated, self-important and smug anything smaller than a legacy 35mm or APS-C sized sensor is not worth it American and his lady on YouTube predicting the demise of micro 43 - and by extension Olympus (Is that "again", or "still" or simply wishful thinking?) -  a legacy 35mm sized mirrorless camera body may be small and compact but the body and lens (especially when the lens is now 55% larger than ever before) still makes the Z system larger, bulkier and more cumbersome to carry about on a like for like focal length/performance ratio than the M43 system components.


And thinking of like-for-like lens comparisons, that is hard as are the new Zed system S lenses not very thin on the ground, even looking at the "lens roadmap" ? At the presentation it looked like there would only be a total of 10 S-family lenses or so - even through to 2022. Looking at that it seems they are going to be leaving the majority of the lens lifting to the existing, cumbersome, F-mount designs. If so, then, really, what was the point? Are they really serious?


And then, looking at the pricing and the format, another question crops-up. The feature set is, essentially, 3 years out of date. It may have been better to launch the DX format bodies first. There are far more buyers at those price points.


To pander to the limited market which follows the narrow thinking that a legacy 35mm sized sensor is the be-all and end-all of sensors, is to forget that there is absolutely no reason why a 43 or APS-C format cannot continue to provide portability and speed for general photography with those needing larger sensors (they think) being left to lug larger glass about.


It's interesting to remind ourselves that 35mm was considered a minature format among "serious" film photographers barely 30 years ago and you were only a "professional" if you had at least a 645 format camera or larger. Having these same, silly arguments raging again (and calling a 24x36mm format "full frame") is a bit of a giggle and wastes time for actually taking photographs.


Nevertheless, the fact that both formats can co-exist by using a single, far-sighted lens mount design - without one making the other redundant - will be proven in early 2019, if not earlier.


Notwithstanding all that, welcome to modernity Nikon.


I hope, however, that this is not a case of too little, too large, too late for I fear that the obvious downside of the added cost and bulk of the larger glass needed to make the Z system work - and the limited lens line we have so far seen or heard about - may be its downfall.


After all, you will not be making added profit from folk after they buy the FTZ adaptor to use all that legacy F-series glass will you?


And my estimate is that is exactly what most buyers will be doing, if they even buy the new models after comparing them with other options that are smaller, less costly and part of a larger, more established system that boasts eye-focus abilities and fast buffer clearance. And twin card slots.


Good luck Nikon, nevertheless.


4 March 2018

E-M1 "No card" error - solved.

Today I had a shoot for a theatrical ensemble needing visa photos for attendance at a festival in the US.

All was well as we shot the first to arrive at rehearsal and I popped the card out of one of the old faithful E-M1 bodies to download the images and print the visa photos,

When I tried to put the card back in the camera, there was a very slight resistance - more than usual but not such that it prevented the card from seating.

However, when seated, the rear display said "No card".


Not too alarmed, I reached for the spare card case as I have had the odd card go on the fritz before.

However, when trying to replace the card, it did not pop up and away from the slot as usual. It was very reluctant to slide out. I removed it eventually after gently wiggling it along.

Once out I saw that a sliver of plastic that normally divides the contact areas had come away and was bent sideways over the contact area.

So, feeling certain a new card would fix things, I popped another into the camera. No resistance. Good. Normal seating. Great.

However, still the same "No card" error.

I used the other OM-D body to finish the shoot and when back on home turf, set about investigating the issue.

I could find nothing in my searches of the web or of YouTube about this issue on Olympus     E-M1s. That is either a good sign or the professional, daily user demographic is too small on a global scale to have resulted in the error being documented.

Now, being at the southern tip of my continent, any repairs to Olympus equipment involve a minimum 8 week trip to and from Europe and tons of export/re-import paperwork.

So, given that I was looking at a long period of being reduced to one body (which is not the way a proper professional likes to attend assignments - for the very reasons displayed on today's shoot) - I thought it was worth a look into the problem.

Firstly, I looked at the addressing of the various pins on the SD card reader. Without any of the grounds, particularly on pin/contact 1, 3 and 6, the equipment is unable to confirm the presence of a card nor its read/write state..

Mmm...the plastic divider that had been bent was between contacts 6 and 7.

I placed the camera on a tripod and looked into the slot with a magnifier. The contact for pin 6 was laying flat while alll the other contacts were, when compared to the other E-M1, up at their usual height.

Now many videos on YouTube do show the repair of the SD card reader on other brands of equipment where the cameras have been dismantled to gain access to the pins so that they can be bent back into place.

I was not going to take the camera to bits If I did not have to - and, thinking a trip to the repair workshop of Olympus Europa may be needed anyway, I was not of the mind to make their job more of a challenge by shipping them a box of bits.

So, I thought to try and find a way of pulling contact 6 up without dismantling the camera.

After some trial and error, I succeeded. I then checked all my SD cards to see if any had any flappy connector dividers and tossed those that did. There were at least 4! So check your SD cards.


Check your SD cards in case these dividers are flappy. On this card the divider between contact 6 and 7 came adrift and flattened the contact arm in the SD card slot of the camera. If any are loose, toss the card!

The process I followed to repair the contact arm causing the fault is shown in the photos/decription below.

It needs only a paper clip or strong narrow-guage steel wire bent as illustrated, the camera mounted on a tripod (with battery removed) good diffused lighting reaching into the card slot and a helmet magnifier or loupe.


Mount camera on a tripod and get some light into the SD card slot. I used an LED video light.

The end result was that pin 6 was put back up to a serviceable position and the camera is working away happily again.

When I have a cheap, third E-M1 body on hand (and are they not just brilliant value on E-Bay now?), I will send this one in as it has one more really maddening fault that cropped up a month or so ago.

The strap lug on the left hand side came away from the camera - leaving its two securing screws inside the body casing. That is unforgiveable in my opinion but it seems to be a known issue on the E-M1 and E-M5 series - to such a degree I see that one or two eastern markets repair this fault at no charge.


This should NOT happen on a professional pice of equipment! And if it does, it should - in my view - be repaired at no charge.

Sorry Olympus, but on a professional grade camera, the body really must be up to professional use and the strap lug is NOT an item I need to be worrying about when I have one of your top-pro lenses mounted on the camera and I am using a second body while carrying the other on a strap during a shoot. I have never had to worry about it on my OM cameras nor on my Nikon F5 or D200 bodies.

I will report back in due course as to whether Olympus' agents in South Africa - or indeed Olympus Europa - will do the honourable thing and repair the lug at no cost or not.

One thing I have discovered, however, is that there is little to no chance of my getting a loan unit from the local agents during the weeks they will take getting my equipment shipped to and from Europe.

And that is what is making me hesitate about getting a second E-M1 Mark II instead of saving a whack of money and simply getting another, fairly young (in shutter cycles) mark I off E-bay.

If they want me to carry on committing to them through purchasing their equioment, it would be nice to have some reciprocal commitment to my business in return.

I do not think it is a right of any professional user, but it is a good courtesy.

Steps to fix the "No Card" error on my E-M1

1. Mount camera on a tripod at a convenient height. (Unless you are an octopus with several arms...)

2. Open card door and place a diffused light source so that it penetrates into the card slot.

3. Locate and identify any contacts that are not raised up. Refer to the diagramme to see what the contacts look like on the E-M1, E-M5 or E-M10. In the case of a "No Card" error, you will most likely find that contact number 1, 3 or 6 is not at the correct height. On my camera it was contact 6. (Contact arms are numbered from right to left when looking into the card slot with camera body facing up.)


Contact arm number 6 was pushed down as the plastic card contact divider came off inside my E-M1 SD card slot.

4 Bend a paper clip or thin, strong wire to the dimensions shown.



5. Carefully lower the tool into the slot and place the tip under the contact arm. Gently pull it to the rear end (closest to the card door) and tug gently to raise the arm. Do this on either side of the arm so that you do not twist the contact arm. With some paper clip wire there may be insufficient space to get between pairs of arms so it is better to use a very narrow guage of strong steel wire.


Contact arm 6 raised up again so that it can be depressed as the card slides into the SD slot - thus completing the ground circuit which tells the camera a card is inserted.

NOTE: The above procedure worked on my camera equipment to restore functionality. I do not suggest this process as a recommended course of action if you have rapid repair turnaround times in your market. If you do decide to sort this type of fault on your own, note that your mileage may vary. If you cannot get the contacts re-set after several attempts then rather send the camera in for repairs by a professional.

23 March 2018

Ban the wedding photography ban

Imagine a wedding without photographs!

Yes, that's right. Your sister or brother - daughter or son - finds the love of their life and they do the bit where they decide they love each other so much they want the government involved in the relationship.

Now, as one of the partners - your child - is getting out of the car at the venue after having spent hours scrubbing up to a presentable state, it would be the most natural thing in the modern, connected world in which we find ourselves, for mum to grab her mobile and ask for a selfie or to take a shot to post on her social media page to share with all her friends.

What would be more natural if doting Uncle Majosi, while the register is being signed, were to take out his new Super-digi-flex to grab a shot of the couple and witnesses?

What memory of the day will linger if the photographer hired for the event were to angrily stomp up to mum, grab her mobile and insist on deleting the photograph which had been taken? I have also heard of events where the paid shooter has deliberately stepped in front of the lens of Uncle Majosi each time he tried to take a shot.

Aside from all the legal issues this raises over copyright and the wilful destruction of intellectual property - in the former case - to which the photographer has absolutely no rights given that they would not have actually taken the image (nor can they be the copyright holder for images of the event in question anyway) the foul taste this would leave in memories of the invited guests who witness such behaviour will linger for years.

In the case of the latter behaviour - that of deliberately obstructing public witnesses from witnessing the ceremony - anyone doing that is. arguably, acting illegally and merely being a male reproductive member.

This type of arrogance is, to my mind, taking aim at both feet of any marketing efforts you may have made to that point and letting loose with both barrels. Your chances of getting commissions from anyone who saw such an incident or heard about it will likely be nil.

Yet, this type of behaviour is, based on increasing numbers of reports I am hearing recently, exactly what is taking hold of the ranks of so-called professional photographers throughout South Africa

In many cases I have heard of assistants being delegated to stand at the door of the church or ceremony venue and collect mobile phones and digital cameras from guests!

Aside from the fact that you have no legal right to do this at a public venue (and remember that a wedding is a public event and that, by law, anyone may attend to witness or document it) the security risk in a country like South Africa is a huge one.

Would you want to accept the legal liability of the loss of just one of the devices your assistant has in custody on your instructions? Anyone doing this is totally nuts - or so rich they do not mind the legal ICBM they will - inevitably - have to face one day when a mobile with years of memories or vital business files goes missing or gets damaged.

And, in any event, if you think I am going to hand over my camera to some young millenial to keep "safe" you have obviously never asked anyone if you can feel-up their partner!

Some people advertising as professionals have obviously thought about this aspect and try and avoid it altogether by including a clause in their...err..."contracts" that clearly state that guests must be told not to bring cameras to, or use them, during the wedding - or the egotistically named creative shoot.

I would appeal to anyone claiming to be a professional photographer and who seeks to dictate behaviour of guests and families in this way to stop embarrassing themselves and the real professional photographers who have, through years of considerate client service, built the industry you are stomping upon with your over-inflated sense of self-importance.

As we have learned through the decades, you cannot stop progress.

If you think you can, try and find anyone who still has a job carrying a red flag in front of a motor car on public roads.

Seeking to stop people taking photographs at a public event simply on your say so is arrogant and insulting to the clients, their guests andf family. I also think it is nuts - and illegal.

Next, as some have tried to argue - you are NOT the owner of the copyright to images and poses used when photographing the couple or guests. South African law holds that the owner of the copyright to any images shot for payment belongs to the party paying for the work.

Yes, that's right, all your claim to be the only one permitted to hold on to or release the images is duff. You cannot restrict the publication or use of the images you shoot for payment. The full rights to the images are those of the client - or the owner of the mobile phone or digital camera that takes the shot. End of.

Others have lamely tried to justify this insane idea by saying that they do not want other photographers to see their ideas and copy them.


Most photographers have Facebook pages where they display their shots. Also, once the couple get their photos they put them up on social media. Stroll around any wedding expo and find the row of tables where photographers skulk with their albums or laptops showing their work and you will understand that this argument is baseless. Anyone can see your photos as you put them out for perusal yourself.

In any event, there are only so many poses the human body can be placed in. In addition, our star has the same light for anyone. How you see that light and respond to it is where your creativity lies - not in poses or properties used to cheese-up the photographs. I would wager - if you are of the type that restricts other cameras on "your" weddings - you also probably take 3 or more hours to get the creative shoot on the card. However, that unbelieveably rude and pathetic behaviour is another rant entirely...

So, on a number of levels - aside from the obvious one of being a total cardboard box (Translate into Afrikaans and you will get the idea) by seeking to restrict people from taking photos at the wedding at which you are - in reality - also an invited guest, this type of attitude should be, in my book, an immediate red flag to any prospective client.

Anyone looking to dictate terms such as these - and to seek to unilaterally modify the law to suit themselves - is not, in my mind, a professional photographer but rather an egotistical dictator with no understanding of the laws nor etiquette and social niceties - or of professional photography.

If you really think that being a total idiot is going to keep you shooting weddings for longer as you will be able to keep your ideas, poses and "creative work" a secret by preventing the social aspect of a wedding from taking place spontaneously, then - with such a huge load of insecurity - you actually need to find something else to do. Try used car sales.

Let weddings be the memorable, unpredictable and fun events they are meant to be.

Leave the recording of the emotion of the day to real professionals who understand that this business is about the needs and desires of the client first and our egos last.

Weddings should be all about the couple - not your insecurities.

Run along now.

25 November 2017

40-150 PRO vs 50-200 SWD

If you already own the 50-200 SWD and an E-M1 or E-M1 Mark II  should you get the 40-150 PRO?

Find out what I think after 6 days of use of both lenses.

40-150 PRO or 50-200 SWD?


23 March 2017

New Gear-itis: Is there a cure?

One of the greatest gifts to camera manufacturers' bottom lines is a peculiar drive among photographers to get the latest and greatest equipment.

I have termed the malady "New Gear-itis".

It manifests as an incessant trawling of new equipment reviews, peering at specification lists and - more commonly these days - looking at E-Bay and other places to see how much you can get for your existing equipment and, in the digital age, the answer to that is usually "woefully too little". 

The virus then beds down for an extended period of incubation until, all too often, the newest version of the camera family or that wonderfully professional looking, just launched lens is ordered in spite of one's financial management senses screaming as loudly as possible.

All too often, especially considering the many questions I field in this regard, those suffering from the malady expect the new equipment to instantly and magically lift their results into a different league altogether.

The reality, however, is that newer generations of equipment provide incrementally smaller improvements in quality and functionality - if there are any real differences at all. So huge, noticeable differences are not present. Any small improvements which may be made, are often very hard to notice in day to day usage.

Often, I have found, prior to the new equipment being purchased, the user already has highly capable equipment in the bag which is not being used to anywhere near the limits of its abilities.

I shall refer to a recent assignment to illustrate this.

As a preface, however, we must place the launch of the Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II at center stage.

This camera, so the reviews go, offers vastly improved auto-focus tracking over its predecessor. It boasts a near 50% increase in frame rate. Most crucially for users of legacy Olympus 43 glass like myself, it adds phase-detect sensors over a wider area of the sensor than the original E-M1. Crucially, all of them are cross-type detectors.

The last point is, devoid of any other aspects, sufficient to pique my interest. The use of cross type sensors over the full area of the sensor would, on its own, boost the camera's auto focus performance.

I have had the honour of testing one of these new cameras. My impressions will soon be available in a short video. Yes, it is a great piece of kit but there are some awful blind spots of the design which really jar - especially if you already are very familiar with the E-M1.

Temptation to get infected with NewGear-Itis comes in many forms - in the most recent strain, with the new E-M1 Mark II (left) and the 12-40 PRO lens versus my current E-M1 and the ZD 14-54 with MMF-3 adapter. Are all the new goodies and slightly more compact lens combo able to radically elevate my results?

However, the time spent with the camera was, to be honest, insufficient to fully evaluate all areas of its alleged improved specification to the point that New Gear-itis could sink its claws into my meagre wallet.

So, due to this problem and the aforementioned niggly issues, I was prevented from succumbing to New Gear-itis on the turn.

I was recently honoured to be requested to act as official photographer to a national Touch tournament. I had my trusty original E-M1s available to tackle what is arguably one of the most fast-paced, hard to photograph of ball sports.

Given that the tournament ran over three days, I had plenty of time to fine-tune old and tested methods of using the camera system.

Internet searches prior to the assignment appeared to reveal that the majority wisdom among those using E-M1s for sports and birds in flight suggested forgetting focus tracking altogether and that the following settings are to be used:

Release mode: Continuous Low at 6.5 fps (As, allegedly, the AF is incapable of re-adjusting at a faster rate)

Auto Focus: AF-C.

Focus target: Central single target.

C-AF Lock: Normal or high (This is a deep-menu item on the "gears" menu, tab A)

After getting a mixed bag of results in the preliminary matches - in which teams were not moving at the peak of their speed in order to save themselves for the finals - I ran a few experiments.

The first, and most interesting observation I made was that the focus adjustment performance (and therefore the ability of the camera to re-focus as the subject moved forwards or backwards) was not affected by changing the setting of either AF-C or AF-C+TR nor the camera frame release rate. Neither was it affected by the size of the target selected. 

What I had known previously from countless soccer matches was that a small target was just not big enough to keep a player zig-zagging about between other players sufficiently covered. A larger target was, therefore, a better choice.

The only other setting that affects AF performance is the C-AF lock setting. I found that the magic charm for that was to set that to Low. This made the lens fluidly adjust focus without any delay and keep whatever subject the camera happened to be pointed at in focus. The focus acquisition speed was also almost instantaneous.

There were several occasions where, positioned at the nexus of four different fields of play, I needed to swing from one game to another to catch developing action. With the C-AF lock set to low, the camera would zap right to the focus point covered by the player and I was able to "point and shoot" with a very high keeper rate.

So, from this, I deduce that the meaning of the C-AF lock settings are as follows:

C-AF Lock Low: The camera has a low latency time before commanding the lens to re-acquire focus. This means it will re-adjust focus as fast as it can as you move the target area around.

C-AF Lock: Normal: The camera will allow a period of time to elapse before commanding a re-adjustment to the focus in the selected target area. This might be good for following items that get blocked by other subjects such as birds flying behind trees etc.

C-AF Lock High: The camera allows a much longer period to elapse before commanding re-adjustment.

In my experience, the latter two settings have use if you are photographing subjects which are moving laterally and are likely to be obscured by foreground objects for a split second.

If, however, you have subjects moving erratically and tracking towards the camera such as athletes in a flat race, Touch players jinking between defenders, motor sport machinery, models or birds moving towards you, then C-AF Lock should be on "Low".

It is so fast I can use the Continuous High release rate with a better than 95% keeper rate.

A snap and grab shot - the camera was swung around from another angle and aimed and fired. The AF system reacted instantly and this is the second frame of 4. The others are shown below for reference. Focal length 120mm, 50-200 SWD


That said, what about the C-AF+TR?

I have previously found that this works very well if the camera is relatively static and a subject is moving around within the frame. As soon as you move the camera around a lot, the AF target gets confused and wanders-off, usually to the background.

One final aspect which I found affects the keeper rate slightly is that with the IS system set to IS1, a significant number of images taken while panning the camera will be fuzzy. With the setting to IS2 (or IS auto which I have long since set as my default for rapidly variable action or birds in flight) the camera does not try and fight your lateral movement and the number of sharp images when shooting action increases.

So, after all that, my suggested settings for the Olympus E-M1 when shooting fast action/high speed sports or birds in flight are:

Release mode: To requirements. Cont. Low provides more time for AF confirmation but I have found little difference in AF performance between High and Low continuous release rates, the speed of focus acquisition being far more affected by the C-AF lock setting. 

NOTE: If using Cont. H you may find the viefinder appears to stutter a bit. You can change the viewfinder frame rate to Normal to mitigate this but, after some practice, you can follow things quite well at the high refresh rate. It's less of a challenge at normal, however so perhaps better for learning the camera. That said, the newer E-m1 Mk II is almost stutter-free so better in this respect.

Auto Focus: AF-C.

Focus target: Central, large single target. If doing birds in flight against the sky, use a central group.

C-AF Lock: Low (This is a deep-menu item on Menu A)

IS: IS Auto or IS2.

Viewfinder refresh rate: High

Release mode: Cont. H or Cont. L 

So, after all that, I can bag tack-sharp action images at rates of up to 9 frames per second on the mechanical shutter or 11 frames per second on the silent shutter option. I am also able to track erratic subjects with high levels of confidence and a great hit rate on my exisitng equipment.

So, by fully fine-tuning the existing E-M1, I have a tool that is capable of a performance 50% below the newer Mark II - in frame rate only. I will concede that the cross-type sensors and target coverage to the edges of the frame will boost the focus lock speed and be far better in low light or with low contrast subjects. However, for well-lit subjects, the differences - in practice - are not that great.

Using my 4/3 50-200 SWD lens on the MMF3 adapter, the higher frame rate is the only improvement the E-M1 Mark II is likely to provide as the Pro-Capture mode does not work on older 4/3 lenses anyway.

And speaking of the "older lenses" , I compared the new 12-40 pro to my existing ZD 43 14-54 lens and found, much to my surprise, that I actually preferred the results from my current lens! I have a full set of test images at various apertures and focal length settings and the differences, if any, are negligible and the sharpness has nothing in it.

An apparently impossible shot to get on the original E-M1. Really? (mZuiko 40-150 MSC lens)

Furthermore, looking at the latest PRO 40-150 2.8 lens which is lauded as being compact and fast, I found that my current 50-200 SWD is as fast as I need it to be and - when stowed - virtually the same size. Set to 50mm it is the same size as the newer lens at just 16cm in length so I will not gain any packaging advantage save for the lack of the MMF-3 adaptor.

 Zoomed-in, however, the older lens is much longer and looks bulkier than the newer option while the actual difference in outside grip diameter is barely 6mm in favour of the newer item.

The other hook, however, is the newer lens' constant 2.8 aperture. However, at the equivalent maximum focal length (150mm), the 50-200 is at f=3.4 which is one click of the adjustment wheel to raise the ISO to compensate and get the same shutter speed. However, two clicks and full zoom gives me 30% more focal length and an effective 400mm f=2.8 super telephoto equivalent on a legacy 24x36mm sized sensor system but at a fraction of the mass and bulk.

A counter to the nagging of New Gear-itis is the answer to the question: Do I want to spend $1000 to get 30% less reach in a lens the same size and only fractionally lighter and marginally faster?

OK. If I did spend $3000 on the new lens AND a new E-M1 Mark II I would get 7 more frames per second and the ability to do Pro-Capture sequences - as well as fill  up my hard drive with more images per assignment and extend my selection and editing time. 

However, after more than 3 decades doing sport, in real terms, it is not, practically, really much more than I can do with the existing E-M1 and the 50-200 SWD set correctly. Granted, relying on experience to correctly judge the critical moment at a wedding or other shoot, rather than simply blasting away at high frame rates hoping that does the job might be old-fashioned and seem boring but it saves a lot of post-production time and card space.

So, in my case, I have concluded that it is not - at the current prices - worth giving in to New Gear-itis. And perhaps therein lies the lesson. Extend your understanding of your existing gear and you can vaccinate yourself against New Gear-itis.

However, you will not kill the virus totally as I still have this nagging little devil making me trawl E-Bay for the first crop of E-M1 Mark II bodies that get moved-on by those heavily infected with New Gear-itis. There is generally a post-honeymoon period when they grow tired of the toys and go for the next of the latest and greatest releases. 

At bargain rates, I can convince myself the benefits are worth it.

And of course, should Olympus decide, after having been a pro user of their equipment since 1978 that I am worth being given the kit as a brand amabassador, I would not say no.

However, back in the real world, we can treat the symptoms of New Gear-itis, but never the cause.

The virus will always be there.

Whatever it might be, however, just learn to properly use and enjoy your camera gear.

That can, at least, provide a temporary antidote.

And your clients (and wallet) will thank you.

Top of page


20 September 2016

Photokina 2016 - Hybrids signal a sea-change in photography

Cologne is a city that has witnessed many changes.


Koln Dom on a misty morning (Olympus E-M1 ART filter - Grainy Film)

From the devastation of the second world war, to the centre-piece of the post-war German "economic  miracle" in the Rhineland, the city itself has metamorphed and managed to remain current while still retaining it's charms of a bygone era.

For decades, however, the Koeln-Messe (Cologne Exhibition center) over the bridge behind the Koln Dom has seen the latest and greatest innovations from industries as diverse as motorcycing to scaffolding and photography shown to the world.

Photokina is, notwithstanding flashier and younger Johnny-come-lately competitors such as CES and others, the pre-eminent photographic and imaging trade fair on the planet.

It is the trade fair where serious kit is launched. Direction given for the next two or more years...


Koelnmesse - which, every two years, becomes the world's biggest photo toyshop.*

2016's fair has, for me, one central theme running through all the product launches so far - "the decisive moment", photographers like myself who have built a career and business on being masters of picking the moment to freeze and bulky, expensive legacy 35mm sized sensor prism-based DSLRs  are all on notice.

It has been looming for some time - ever since Nikon first put video capture into the D90 SLR. Perhaps, when you think of it, it has been heralded since the first compacts permitted video clips - it was just a matter of time until the quality was good enough (with a sensor of reasonable size) to take it seriously as a hybrid tool.

The demise of prism-based cameras has been signalled since Panasonic and Olympus launched m43 six years ago.

Well, that era of fundamental change in equipment and technique is now. Olympus, Panasonic, Sony and Fuji all have mirrorless, 4K capable cameras that also shoot stills. Canon has dedicated 4K video equipment. It is creeping into their SLRs too and they have just launched the EOS M5 mirrorless camera.

On the Olympus E-M1 Mark II, the camera captures the 14 frames ahead of the shot you actually take so, if you have missed the decisive moment, you can go back a few 60ths of a second to find it.

Using the mechanical shutter, the camera can give you 18 frames per second at full resolution or, without focus tracking, 60 frames per second! 

No more need for complicated trigger beams and other equipment to get the splash made by the olive in the glass - hit the button for a second as it drops and you will have it.

At equestrian events, timing, borne of hundreds of hours of practice ensured you got the perfect moment - where the horse and rider were at the correct positionover the jump, the rear hooves were off the ground and the forelegs neatly tucked under the animal's chest. Now, anyone with the 4K or 6K capture equipment will nail the shot - every single time.


Shots like this, previously the preserve of many hours of practice and anticipation, will soon be commonplace with 4, 6 and 8K capture.

In a way this is simply a logical progression from the tools made by the two most famous camera brands that permitted folk to sit on the sidelines of sports events and capture data-streams at 12 frames per second which picture editors sifted-through in order to find a shot for publication. 

However, the complication of ever more finely designed mirror and focus mechanisms that make these cameras cost well over US$6000 is really not needed anymore. I firmly believe we have seen the peak of those product lines - a last splutter of fame and appeal before they are swept from existence.

I state this as, with the advent of 4K photography, images can be picked at will from 60 frames per second sequences at 18 megapixels - more than adequate for any newspaper or magazine illustration. Panasonic is already working on an 8K tool, this will give you 33 megapixel frames.

In an age where 90% or more of the images captured are consumed on screens, this is more than adequate. Possibly over-kill.

Even for the die-hards who insist on large prints - these are increasingly been made on inkjet equipment as coated paper and chemical processing hangs-on by its fingernails - 33 megapixels will be good enough for building-sized shots.

So, stills from image streams is the reality of imaging now and for the future.

Any photographer who has spent a career capturing single frames had better pay attention. Your skills have been superceded by technology, fast buffers and technology creep.

So? What do you do then?

Get yourself up to speed on video, 4K and 8K and save-up for a fast computer because your competitors from the video industry are moving into your patch. If you are not able to adapt to, embrace and creatively apply the new tech, you should rather start finding a comfy beach upon which to retire.

Similarly, any manufacturer that has not seen this light on the horizon (and in fact it's already at the station under the banner of Olympus, Sony, Panasonic, Canon and Fuji), is going to join the ranks of those manufacturers who thought they would always be in the photo business.

Remember Polaroid, Voigtlander, Minolta, Yashica, Kodak and others?

Don't let your name be added to that list.

* Image of Koelnmesse Entrance North (c) Koelnmesse GmbH

Top of page

10 June 2016

Olympus E-M1 review

After more than a year using Olympus' top-of-the-line professional digital camera, I have penned a review. 

I have done so in the absence of any useful review being found on YouTube or camera sites. All I have found are first-impressions or material based on early firmware versions which do not come close to imparting what the camera is capable of nor do they provide alerts to some of its pitfalls for the unwary.

Those wishing to view it may do so here.

Top of page

02 May 2016

Time for sensor and lens sense

Yet again, almost predictably, a camera website has linked to a video from someone who "was using 4/3 but is now selling this lens..." as the 'reviewer' claims some mythical depth of field restriction is not permitting him to isolate subjects in his theatre photography.

The reviewer then states that he has to go back to legacy 35mm film sized sensor equipment to achieve the shallow depth of field he needs as the 12-40mm zoom he was using cannot deliver the results he wants.

This sort of ill-informed opinion-broadcasting is not only continuing to fuel the myth that legacy 35mm size sensors are the only solution to digital imaging, but it is also proving to me - on a large scale - that many people using cameras professionally nowadays are either not appraised of the mathematics of lenses and depth of field, or they simply swallow the poorly referenced propaganda put out about 4/3 or  APS-C vs 35mm sensors and lenses by the manufacturers of so-called "full frame" sensor cameras who are scrambling to guard an ever-diminishing market share for their clunky prism and mirror equipment.

Firstly, shallow depth of field - or subject isolation from the background - is not a function of the receiver/sensor size. The focal length, camera to subject distance and then, of course, the aperture to focal length ratio (aperture setting), are all integral factors to consider when envisioning a particular depth of field effect.

Let us look more closely at this alleged 'failing' of the 4/3 system (And it's also often claimed for APS-C sized sensor equipment as well). 

In this particular instance, the reviewer was lamenting the fact that he could not isolate the subject on a 40mm f2.8 when shooting a rock concert.

Now, if I imagine placing a 40mm 2.8 lens on any camera, the last thing I would expect would be to isolate the subject from the background if I am shooting someone on stage from either the wings or the foot of the performance area. 

Unless the performer bent down and was within 3-5 feet from the lens and it was set at f=2.8, everything from 5 feet onwards would be equally sharp anyway. This is due to the fact that any 40mm lens will be at or near its hyperfocal point from that distance onward.

What is hyperfocal distance? Well, a commonly accepted definition is thus: The hyperfocal distance is the closest distance at which a lens can be focused while keeping objects at infinity acceptably sharp. When the lens is focused at this distance, all objects at distances from half of the hyperfocal distance out to infinity will be acceptably sharp.

Now, acceptable sharpness depends entirely on the size of the circle of confusion which is acceptable to the viewer or photographer. Discussion of the circle of confusion is meat for many text-books and not applicable here.

For those who are interested, the formula for hyperfocal distance goes as follows: H = f2 /Nc + f . With H being hyperfocal distance, f being focal length of the lens, N being the aperture number setting and c the circle of confusion limit for acceptable sharpness.

Nowhere in the formula (or any other depth of field or focus formula) is there an input for the size of the image receiver - or the sensor or film size.

Fine. If we must get technical, the focal length will effectively make any given aperture value on a longer lens (say a 50mm at f=4.0) a physically larger opening than a 25mm set to f=4.0 (12.5 vs 6.25 mm apparent sizes given entrance pupil diameters of 50 and 25mm), but you will do your head-in thinking about all these measurements.

In practice, your lens focal length and  the lens to subject distance plays a far more critical role in what sort of focus effect you will get than any mythically "perfect" format or lens focal length. You need to use whatever the tool is, within its own merits and plan your shots (and equipment choice) beforehand. Understanding what gives shallow depth of field is vital - and it's not any magical lens or image sensor size. It's where you are and where your subject is that, in practice, plays a far more crucial role. 

Simply put, the closer you are with the lens to your subject, the more you can blur the background with a wide-open aperture - provided you are beyond your normal focal length for the receiver in use.

If you cannot get physically close, then a longer lens will achieve the same sort of optical effect as being physically closer.

So? Why one earth expect any 40mm lens to give you shallow depth of field at distances beyond its hyperfocal point? And the sensor has nothing to do with this - it's an optical phenomenon.

At one point the 'reviewer' states that the lens is actually an equivalent 80mm f=5.6 for purposes of comparison with a legacy 35mm sensor and lens combination. There is even an extensively quoted post on none other than DP Review where there is a discussion about "equivalence". From this many have deduced that, for example, any exposure of 1/250 sec at ISO100 and f=1:2.8 on a smaller sensor would be the eqivalent to ISO400 at f=1:5.6 on a sensor of twice the size. This flawed understanfing of the article has gained a credibility all its own and the article is often mis-quoted by many to justify why "full frame" (by which I assume they simply mean a legacy 35mm sized sensor) is far better.

No light meter in the world ever had a dial setting for the size of the film upon which you were to expose the image. If the surface area involved made a practical, visible difference (as opposed to a pure theoretical "down the local in the corner with the anoraks" difference), then everyone needs to immediately rush out and buy the largest possible sensor camera available and marvel at the magical "gain" in light on their exposures. The relationships between these things is not linear and other issues (such as the neutralising effect of the ISO of the reciever media) must enter into any (in practice - totally pointless) debate about sensor or pixel size and surface area. I digress, however.

Even taking this (flawed) 80mm argument at face value - for rock concerts, that is also not a focal length I would use to shoot images (Using a  legacy 35mm sized sensor camera) where minimal depth of field is a requirement. One needs at least a 100 - to 135mm lens and you need to wait until the subject is in the first third of the lens' focusing range to ensure you can isolate the subject from the background at a wide-open aperture setting otherwise that sneaky hyperfocal formula will catch you out again and make everything behind the subject sharp anyway.

Even then, there are other factors to consider. You will only isolate your subject if it is itself isolated from objects in the background - at least 3-4 feet from anything else if you are under 10-15 feet away. And that distance between your subject and the background will need to increase as your camera to subject distance increases. Put another way, the amount of isolation you can achieve is directly proportional to the increasing distance between the subject and background objects as well as your camera to subject distance.

Yes, legacy 35mm film sized sensor cameras may appear as if they can more readily achieve shallow depth of fields in concert situations, but, once this reviewer has bought the heavier equipment, and purchased the longer focal length lenses needed to get in tight on his subjects, he will find he is in the 100mm plus focal length range I mention anyway.

Even then, he will still need to remember that he cannot get subject isolation when the performer is a dozen feet or more away from the front of the lens and fellow performers are standing within 3-4 feet of the subject.

And, at the end of the concert, when his arms are aching and he needs far more fluid replacement than he would have had he kept his E-M1, he can calm down and remember that Olympus make a 40-150mm f=2.8 lens. 

The lens is lighter than any competitor's 70-210 lens (while giving the reach of a 300mm compared to legacy 35mm sized sensors), it is faster and it will provide him the shallow depth of field he so laments as being impossible with 4/3 sensors when using a 12-40mm lens for a task better suited to a longer focal length lens anyway.

Oh, and it's less costly than the closest equivalent 300mm lens from legacy 35mm sensor size camera manufacturers into the bargain.

Oh well...

Rant over.

Top of page

24 April 2016

Full Circle - An old friend is re-incarnated

My OM1n, OM2n and OM4T cameras were trusty companions.

They traveled the planet with me. Through their viewfinders I witnessed the best - and the worst - of the human condition. Most often,  it was through the elements of my Zuiko 85mm F2.0 lens.

That lens was the last word - in my opinion - in sharpness, the perfect candid focal length and ruggedness.

It permitted me to work in the null-zone between a human's personal space and the area just inside the 7-10m range which we habitually scan for threats. Between these areas we tend to ignore things.   

I love hunting in that space. It lets me, to all intents and purposes, disappear into the myriad of objects that were not an obvious threat and which have not yet invaded the subject's personal defence zone.

In riots, at news scenes, in informal settlements, on trains, at airports or in schools the 85mm permitted great reportage and documentary work to be undertaken.

In structured environments, such as a portrait studio or at weddings, the 85mm gave a lovely perspective with fine control of depth of field. 

I used that lens so much that the chrome mount had worn through to a brassy colour on the mount flange. The textured rubber of the focus ring had been replaced 8 times prior to its "liberation" during a home invasion in South Africa in 2011.

Recently I have re-discovered the joy of that perspective and control with the arrival of the M-Zuiko 45mm f=1.8 m43 lens in my kit-bag. 


It is the spiritual - and practical - successor to my much-loved and missed 85mm f=2.0 optic.

There is the near-identical field of view as the 45mm lens on m43 gives a 90mm legacy 35mm film format field of view.

It is a featherweight into the bargain so it blends into the overall camera shape and feel of any camera to which it is attached. At f=1.8 the control of focus and depth of field is the same and it has the same colour mood of the original. For all practical purposes, therefore, it has brought me full-circle back to the joy of my analogue outfits. 

In certain situations this could, in reality, lead to more detail than you may wish to capture.

As an example, here is a portrait grabbed on the turn in an unguarded moment. If I had a shorter lens I would have been inside the personal space of my subject and, perhaps, she would have been more self-aware.

A 100% crop of the eye and a portion of the veil shows the relentless detail delivered by this lens. To make the image more flattering to certain tastes, there may be a little work needed in post-production.

Another shot, taken while the artist was working intently, let me play with the dramatic tone filter to achieve a new look for an oft-photographed activity without disturbing my subject.

If you already have your 14-42 and 40-150 kit lenses for your m43 camera - or you have the pro equivalent in the 14-54 or 12-40 and are thinking of buying another lens - I doubt that you will be disappointed with the money you spend on the m-Zuiko 45mm 1.8. 

Personally, I think it is a bargain.





Top of page

27 January 2016


In the 1970s and beyond, you could recognise a serious architectural photographer by peeping into his gadget bag. If he had a shift lens - technically a 'Perspective control' lens - in there, he was the business. If not, he was a pretender.

The serious architectural photography club (outside of those using view cameras to do the work) was exclusive. The simple reason was that entry costs were enormous. In the days when I purchased my first Olympus OM1n MD, the camera and 50mm lens cost about $400. A shift lens for the system cost about $1 000!

Even today a 17mm shift lens from Canon will whack $2000 from your wallet!


A Zuiko analogue era 24mm shift lens - at maximum shift - on an OM1.

Why a shift lens? It permits you to control the appearance of vertical lines (mostly) in images and correct for convergence of these lines in the final image.

Yes, the poor folk like me had workarounds. When making prints in the darkroom you could use tracing paper with vertical lines placed over the enlarging easel. Tilting the easel this way or that permitted you to effectively adjust for lines that were converging or diverging along walls or tapering to the top of buildings. You then whipped away the paper and slotted in a sheet of printing paper to expose the print.

This was tedious. It was very Heath-Robinson and the results were seldom repeatable to exactly the same standards - unless, like one retentive colleague - you made an adjustment platform to carry the easel that had a vernier rig with annotated screw adjustments which you could lock in place or note down. You still had an issue with focus though as this shifting had very little leeway before blurring of the detail.

So? How did a shift-lens help you?

Well, a shift lens would permit you to mimic the movement of the rise/fall adjustments of a view camera. The lens was, effectively, split in two and connected by a sliding rail mechanism as well as - on the really top-flight ones - having a pivot to permit swinging the lens. You could move the lens along the rail to the left/right (or if you had the camera oriented the right way up/down) and peer through the viewfinder to see how much correction of vertical or other problematic lines you had achieved.

Of course, you were locked-in to whatever focal length the designers of the shift lenses for your system had decided. So, if it was a 24mm, that was the only focal length at which you had correction possible.

Well, the shift lens can now be discarded into the dustbin of history as digital technology has made it, in my view and practical experience, an expensive and redundant item.

I say this not because of the well-known and probably well used process of perspective correction available in manipulation software. This option has been around for ages and solves the issue to some degree (if you know what you are doing) but it does not mitigate for the loss of detail in areas of the image that were further away from the focal plane in the camera than others.

No, I say this as you can now do it in the field with any focal length of lens as if you had $2K plus of lens attached to your camera.

Enter the Olympus E-M1 or E-M5II mirrorless cameras.

On the second camera menu there is a setting which many of my professional colleagues - let alone amateur users - have glossed-over. It is called keystone correction.


OM-D E-M1 or E-M5II: Second camera menu - Third option down saves you at least $2000!

When activated, you can adjust the image in the viewfinder or monitor for swing or tilt to correct perspective for converging or diverging lines in both the vertical and horizontal plane.


The adjustment planes are shown in the viewfinder - Front dial sorts swing and back dial tilt. The keystone alert (window) icon is at top-middle.  Once you have made a swing or tilt adjustment this icon, and the one on the rear of the camera, turns green to warn you keystone adjustment is set and active.

You see what you get before you shoot and the camera processes the image to save a perfectly corrected image to the card.

Absolutely brilliant!

Another aspect of the process is that the image produced is also punchier than the standard JPEG you will yield of the same scene. Something in the processing just whips-up a sharper, punchier result and that is a superb bonus. I have tried processing the RAW files to the same standard but I will admit defeat - it is not worth the time and effort to try and match those amazing chaps in the design and software department with Phds. Their camera does it instantly and to a better standard than us mere mortals are able to achieve.


Standard jpeg shot the lazy way. No adjustment of camera and tripod has been attempted to ensure focal plane is perpendicular to surfaces. Lines converge towards the bottom of the frame.


Identical scene with in-camera keystone adjustment. Much punchier and sharper than standard and lines now straight.

Aperture control is also automatic which is not the case on all shift lenses on the market today and was certainly hardly the case in film days.

Speaking of aperture control, with shift lenses and analogue imaging you needed to carefully select your aperture to minimise vignetting and/or to provide depth of field to correct for the different distances to the subject - such as the top of a tall building. With the OM-D Keystone adjustment, you select all as normal and then activate the Keystone tool. The processing algorithm seems to take up most of the tricky calculations so you can shoot wide open if needs be for reasons I am about to explain.

The keystone option available on data projectors has probably put people off using the setting on their cameras as, on projectors, the amount of pixels is reduced to affect the change in apparent perspective. However, images shot on the E-M1 are still to exactly the same dimensions and pixel number as without it.

This is impressive and tells me two things. Firstly, the image circle of the lenses achieved through the telecentric design philosophy on which Olympus founded the entire 4/3 concept is large enough to permit a lot of manipulation (and growth...?) and that the effect is actually being achieved by using the 5 axis stabiliser drive to physically swing or tilt the sensor.

This approach would explain the impressive edge to edge sharpness achieved with the technique as it effectively replicates the swing or tilt of the view camera's film plate and normalises the focus over the image plane.

I have used this feature extensively on several recent architectural assignments and it has saved huge wads of time both on-site and in post-production. It is yet another feather in the cap of the E-M1 that makes it, in my experience, a brilliant photographic tool without peer on the market.

Caveats and tricks:

  1. You cannot apply exposure or other corrections to the image if the keystone feature has been enabled as the front and back dials are used to adjust for vertical or horizontal shift. Set up your shot, set your exposure settings etc. and then activate the keystone correction option.

  2. If you apply swing, then tilt is not an option and vice-versa. Well, you would hardly need both if you set up your shooting position correctly anyway... (Update Jan 2017: The E-M1 Mark II allows both swing and tilt together)

  3. The option does not automatically re-set so ensure you switch it off (there is a warning on the rear panel and in the viewfinder with a window-like symbol when it is active) otherwise you will not be able to do any adjustments to exposure etc until you do re-set it.

  4. You can allocate the function to the Fn2 or front camera button of the E-M1. I am certain you could do that on an E-M5II as well but as I have not used one I cannot say for certain. However, this makes it a handy option to activate or de-activate the setting without needing to go to the second camera menu page - although that is no longer a hardship after the latest firmware update which memorises the last menu option position.

  5. I normally shoot on Aperture priority when using the Keystone tool and use an aperture of between f=8.0 and f=11.0. This, coupled to the swing/tilt of the actual sensor ensures control over all regions as regards sharpness and yields tack-sharp results all over the frame without vignetting effects. (The removal of which are probably part of the processing algorithm anyway?)

Best of all, if you have older film era lenses and you are using them on your E-M1, you get the same tool to use - so now all your lenses are shift lenses.

How cool is that?

* iMAGE OF ZUIKO 24MM SHIFT LENS CREDIT: 24mmPCleft by Jeff Dean (Jeff dean at en.wikipedia) - Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.. Licensed under Attribution via Commons - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:24mmPCleft.jpg#/media/File:24mmPCleft.jpg

Top of page 

26 October 2015


The planet's landscape is, by the volume of internet acocunts, littered with EP-10 eyecups that have jumped-off the viewfinders of countless Olympus E-M5 cameras.

There seems to be a universal consensus that the EP-10 eyecup is a cunning ploy on the part of the manufacturer to make added profit through the sale of thousands of replacement eyecups.

Well, while the issue of departing eyecups is familiar to any Olympus digital camera user (My E-3 power user-guide mentions how to prevent that camera's eyecup from going on lone sight-seeing expeditions), it seems it is the modern norm.

Discussion fora on countless photo web sites have similar tales from owners of cameras as diverse as the Nikon F750 to Canon models. Thus some of the following may have merit no matter which camera you own.

All the eyecups are now made by third-party suppliers and not by the camera manufacturers. In days past, there were metal frames that securely attached the eye-cups to sturdy viewfinder frames. Nowadays the eye-cups are all made from plastic and rely on the "give" in the material to affect their clamping operation around the viewfinder frame.

The rubber surrounds are slotted and grooved but only held in place via little stalks of rubber pulled-through holes.

Tearing these little stalks of rubber is very, very easy. The end result is the detachment of the rubber. Furthermore, the manner in which the EP-10 (or whatever else it may be called in the eye-cup supplier's catalogue) unit is designed, is simply asking for it to break in one particular spot if anything like a small effort is applied to the frame sufficient so as to make it bend. And it does always break in that one spot.

Once that has happened - often from no other action than simply carrying the camera around normally, the rubber surround will tear off fairly quickly thereafter.

So, here is Shutterbug's non-patented guide to repairing and securely attaching the EP-10 eyecup to your Olympus E-M5.


1: The break-point. If your is not yet snapped here, give it time - often it snaps here after the camera has rubbed-up against your body - then the eye-cup departs into the scenerey so you are not aware it has snapped here!)


2. How the rubber is attached. You can see the nodules of rubber that were attached to the plastic frame still left behind in the frame. No great effort is required to break these small locating lugs of rubber - a sneeze could do it - so don't feel bad if your rubber surround has detached.


Still want to go ahead? Proceeding entirely at your own risk, superglue the cracked area using the end of a toothpick to apply glue to the area between the cracked parts (one side only). Press the parts together for approx. 10 seconds.


3a:  Now take a small sliver of plastic from a memory card package (or similar plastic packaging item) and cut a strip the full width of the top of the eye-cup frame and slightly narrower than the frame (Approx 17 x 2.5mm). This is shown resting on top of the frame in the shot above. Glue the plastic re-inforcing strip to the top of the frame using cyano-acrolate glue (Superglue). 

This image shows you where you will have applied superglue after the repair is complete. Please see text for how and when to apply which drop.

4. Place little drops of superglue on the rubber nodules on the back of the frame (LEFT SIDE FIRST) plus a drop into the hollow-recess between the rubber nodules and then slip the rubber surround over the edge of the frame and press home. Hold for about 10 seconds until glue dries (Superglue works in the absence of air so as soon as you press the parts together and exclude air, it sets.)

5. Glue the right hand side now by repeating the process - two drops of superglue in the nodule recesses and in the middle dimple. Slip the rubber into place over the frame and hold in place for 10 seconds.

6 Now lift the extended little flap of rubber on the lower left up and pop some superglue under it with the end of a tooth-pick. press it back into place and hold for 10 seconds. Repeat for the other side lower rubber (this is not as long and flappy as the left side).

7. To secure frame to camera, you have two options. The first, and simplest, is to place two small drops of superglue under the top part of the frame and then clip the eye-piece back on the camera then hold it down for a few seconds. The EP10 will now form part of the camera. Permanently.

8. If you want to have the option of removing the eye-cup or exchanging it for a different type, then use the old E-3 eye-cup securing strategy and resort to gaffer-tape (black). Pull the cover away from the accessory port on the camera and then cut a small strip of tape measuring 8 x 24mm and shaped like the yellow area above to go over the top of the eye-cup frame and up to the edge of the lip below the accessory port. Push it firmly into place then replace the accessory port cover. This stops the eye-cup from coming off from small bumps/abrading against the body when carrying the camera and normally provides warning of the eye-cup being loose. You will need to replace the tape every 6 months or so to keep it looking neat although your mileage may vary...

Once you have this all done, and have saved yourself making another contribution to Olympus' corporate face-regaining fund, perhaps you can hope that they will, one-day, decide to fix this idiotic design and make eye-cups that stay where they should be - on the camera!

Top of page

21 July 2015


I seldom use the disparaging epithet "idiot"  to describe fellow humans.

However, in the past few weeks I have been doing some trawling on YouTube to see if there is any additional information which might prove useful on setting, using and owning the E-M1 or other Olympus M43 kit and the temptation to drop this self-imposed linguistic standard is rather strong.

What led to this? Well, in short, there is not much good information on the E-M1 and the 43 system out there. 

Whilst there are hundreds of videos on the subject, very few have gravitas or display a proper understanding of the subject matter. 

In the freely accessible internet domains, one must expect views from all and sundry. When it comes to Olympus equipment, there are a lot of them.

Mostly though they are nothing less than bovine excrement.

In any review worth its salt, there should be facts. An understanding of the subject matter is a minimum. Sadly, even in cases where a full-time review site is involved like DigitalRevTV - where one should reasonably expect a certain quality of preparation from the reporter - this is patently lacking. 

During my tenures as editor at three different photographic publications we insisted on at least a two week evaluation period for any review item. Step one was to sit with the handbook and camera and go through it to the last detail. Then we would use the camera on assignments for the period we had it for review. In this way you get to know its quirks and how it behaves in regular, daily use. Some things that seemed strange at first often mellowed into logical design points as days passed. At the end, we would meet and discuss the various aspects we felt needed to be highlighted in the review.

It is patently obvious that nowadays - with most "reviewers" - not even a perfunctory glance is taken at the instructions. Too much effort folks? 

This is not unique to Olympus equipment as all the reviews have the same "ooh look at this!" cheesy enthusiasm and superficial understanding of the equipment. Perhaps the suppliers do not include the instructions? Just a thought.

If the manuals are supplied, then it seems that the reviewers certainly do not appear to bother with reading the handbook before parading cockily in front of the camera with a beaming face as they tell you what they have in the latest goodie bag. Even if the manuals are not supplied with the toys, then a serious reporter should download and study one anyway - in the internet age its easy (unless you own Canon kit of course...)

My sense of humour (and my tolerance of shoddiness in reporting) was reached as the reviewer from DigitalRevTV took the E-M5 out of the bag and then looked through the camera. After he put it up to his face he mumbled something about settings and then squinted at the screen like a bemused Doormouse while shouting "Aargh! I hate Olympus menus!".

This told me two things and convinced me of a third.

Firstly, he had not bothered to read the manual.

Secondly, he has absolutely no idea how to use an Olympus camera.

Thirdly, unless he is committed to reading the manual before talking about any item in a review, he must stop it now as his opinions cannot possibly carry any weight. As they stand they are obviously just the mis-informed ramblings of a lazy reporter who appears to wish to be important and influential while getting to play with the latest gadgetry.

Frame grab from DigitalRevTV review on Olympus E-M5II. You never read the manual did you?

Part of the problem is, of course, that most photographers (and I use the term loosely) seem not to understand that you can make a photographic tool powerful and useful without festooning the exterior with hundreds of buttons.

In a world where people regularly spend thousands on the latest camera body, then switch off all the computing power they paid for and use manual mode, I suppose this is not surprising.

So, end of rant. Let me tell you something useful about the Olympus Digital camera family.

To use the cameras, or to set things, forget about looking for specific buttons for ISO, Drive mode, Colour or Focus. These are not bits of equipment from Canon and Nikon intended to impress you with the number of buttons they have. They do not need them.

If using an Olympus digital camera, just remember to: Press, direct, twirl and touch.

That's it.

Allow me to elucidate.

On the rear of every Olympus digital camera since the first E-Series models, has been a display called the Super Control Panel or SCP for short. Here are images of a few incarnations. 




If the SCP is not displayed, simply press INFO to make it appear. On the original EM-5 you need to activate it - where? Well, it is a control you want displayed so look in Menu>Display>Control. (Gee Whizz! That's too logical is it not?)

The SCP displays all the most commonly used camera settings in clearly labeled, easily read boxes. The layout has remained the same since the first E-series cameras which is a great idea - no need to re-learn each panel as the model is upgraded.

With the SCP displayed on an E-series camera, press the OK button and a yellow highlight box will appear. On the older cameras it would always be at the top left but later models have a "last position used" memory.

Once the box is highlighted, simply direct it to the setting you wish to adjust using the direction arrows around the OK button. Now twirl the input dial. On single dial cameras its the only dial available and on twin dial cameras it's the front dial. This will scroll through all the possible values for the adjustment you are making and you simply have to stop twirling when you see the value you want. Touch the shutter button and its set.

On the latest OM-D series cameras it is even easier. In this case it is Press, tap, twirl and touch.

Once you press OK, tap the screen icon of the item you wish to change and the yellow box will move there. Twirl the dial to set and touch the shutter to confirm.



So intuitive that Nikon have copied it (sort of) and Canon have adopted a similar approach on their latest products - although there you have fewer options to adjust with the control panel - and on most you have to press OK to confirm each setting.

This short video clip shows you how fast and easy it is to use the system on the older non-touch and the newer touch-screen cameras.

The reviewer in this video obviously had not bothered to learn about this aspect as he constantly tried tapping away at the screen when the box failed to appear and complained that the screen was obviously not sensitive enough. Well buddy, you do not want things to just be called-up and set by the accidental brushing of the screen so it only enters touch mode when you press OK (as detailed in the instructions). RTFM Doffie!

Certainly not the best or most credible review ever. Reading the manual and finding out how to activate the touch screen would have rescued your credibility (slightly) mate.

While watching any review on the web, if the reviewer uses words such as "I think this model has this..." or "I'm not certain if that feature is included..." or similar phrases and fumbles about trying to show you a feature or control, you just know they are not serious, have not read the manuals and have certainly not used the equipment nearly enough to fully understand it.

Knowing the features, understanding every control inside-out is the minimum effort any reporter should make when entrusted with a brand's reputation. Even reviewers as apparently eminent as Darren Miles and Tony Northrup have said "I'm not sure if it's on this model..." or have started a review using old Canon legacy film lenses on the camera and been iffy about the handling!

Note to those gentlemen: Concentrate less on how sunny Naples Florida is and read the books Darren and if you are reviewing a new system camera use its own lenses Tony - the designers made it to perform its best with those.

YouTube appears to be crammed full of reviewers without the faintest clue about the difference between a review and a mis-informed opinion or outdated and clunky methods of using cameras.

It is, therefore, no mystery to me why the few photo retail outlets that are left are still dens of mis-information and out-dated techniques. Retail assistants seem to dislike reading and would rather google a video.

Furthermore, many companies are now using "brand ambassadors" who know even less about the products and their design history than many enthusiasts - but that policy is the grist for another article entirely.

What a mess!

Top of page

15 July 2015


Right. After some time spent between assignments where I tried every possible setting on the E-M1 I reckon we have an understanding of the things we can do in the future.

I am quite expectant - especially in regard to action sequences that need focus tracking.

Birds in flight are regarded as the most challenging of all subjects to follow in the viewfinder.

I reckon that the following in the viewfinder was the easy part.

Technology, however, lagged behind in permitting the focus system to keep the subject correctly focused in all frames of a sequence at 5 frames per second.

Even the long-time alleged king of AF, the Canon series of EOS cameras, struggles with subjects moving obliquely. Most Canon sports shooters I know have told me they use Servo focus with the central point selected and hope that they get at least one or two tack-sharp shots in any given sequence. This holds true only as long as the subject is in a drect line of sight to the camera as any subject that gets interspersed will throw the focus off the main subject.

Those shooting the so-called black gold kit - Nikon, have paraded a subtle air of superiority for some time due to the ability of their cameras to use 3-D focus tracking. Essentially - despite what the promotional blurb says about recognising the size, shape and colour of a moving subject - the focus system follows any subject upon which you have locked the focus and does not re-adjust it until a set time has passed if the subject is obscured.

It was this feature that saw the migration of virtually every football photographer in the world to Nikon in the past few years.

Now we have the E-M1 and its focus tracking system.

You select C-AF+TR.

Then you select focus points or leave it up to the camera. With legacy 4/3 lenses the area in which tracking is possible is shown with a green frame on the electronic viewfinder. If you go outside the area it can use the frame changes colour to warn you.

With Micro-4/3 lenses its the entire frame.

And it rocks!

Nine frame per second sequences, even with similarly coloured items in the scene for a fraction of a second, result in tack-sharp images of subjects moving obliquely through the field.

Birds in flight are easy pickings now.

And tracking footballers will be hum-drum.

Colour me impressed!


Not even the appearance of the tree between the goose and the camera upset the electronic genie inside the E-M1 in this sequence.


This was just amazing! Perfect early morning light and a young owl looking for a snack. She was very fast and moved in a line towards the camera away from the stump.


9th frame in the sequence once I had picked her up again between frames 5 and 8.

Top of page


An inevitable consequence of adding new tools to the gadget bag is that, eventually, reality sets in and you have to realise that you cannot use 5 cameras.

Having the new E-M1 on hand led to my E-3 bodies (the last two new ones available in 2012) seeing little or no service.

Dozing in a gadget bag is no life for a previously active and faithful E-3.

So, the newest one of the pair plus her HLD-4 recently found a new owner - all the way in Melbourne Australia.

The new owner will have a brace of E-3s when she arrives and is planning a trip around Australia with them.

At least she will enjoy the similar weather once they get over the typical Austrlian Bight winter at the moment.

Enoy the adventures mate.

Top of page

April 2015


Having bumped my head with the Olympus E-M5 body as a potential replacement for my E-3 and E-5 cameras some time ago (the blog entries are below regarding this episode), I took some time before giving the "E-5 successor", the E-M1, a trial.

At first, in the middle of last year, I was less than impressed. The slow multiple release rate and the iffy performance with the existing SWD lenses did much to tilt the balance towards hanging on with the existing kit. It went back into the "close but no cigar" category.

However, in January this year Olympus released firmware version 3.0 for the E-M1 and dispatches from the front lines of press work from colleagues in the UK told me that many of the issues which had troubled me appeared to be either resolved, or at least reduced to niggardly proportions.

However, given that the E-M5 II has made an appearance with the high-res 40MP shot option, as well as the fully articulated rear screen (Vital so that you can fold it out of harm's way when doing news work), I suspect that the E-M1 II (or whatever) boasting both of these features is due shortly.

So, when some suppliers made E-M1 bodies reasonably affordable, my interest was piqued. Then a colleague got new kit and had a 1212 release body going begging for a relative song. No brainer!

After two weeks of toying-about getting to know the unit and its many menu quirks - for example the old, much used light-box image display is now a display option hidden in the custom settings menu and somewhat restricted versus the E-5 - I am coming to terms with the only possible upgrade for the E-5 body and Four Thirds lenses there is.

One aspect confirmed so far is that the handling is very similar to my OM-4 body. The power switch is now in an instinctive place, the size and "heft" is similar although the HLD-7 grip is a must for any sort of ease of use when FT lenses are attached.

The electronic viewfinder irritated me when I tested the camera at a BMX event as the image froze momentarily when tracking riders at high speed. This meant I could not follow the action through the viewfinder. 

The solution to this problem is to switch off the image review mode in the menu. This ensures that the camera does not try and show you each frame in the sequence as it is taken. Another quirk is that with the best viewfinder refresh rate (and thus the best view), the continous shooting experience is likewise interrupted. Setting to normal refresh rate gets you (almost) to the point where viewfinder lag is not such an issue anymore.


However, the focus tracking is a vast improvement on the E-5! Each shot in 9 frame per second sequences of riders coming towards the camera or tracking obliquely was tack-sharp as these two samples demonstrate. So, from a performance point of view, once I get the viewfinder and my brain on the same highway, things should show a good leap forwards.


Another obvious difference is the image quality and noise aspect of the sensor. From 800 ISO upwards there is no contest and the E-5 (and obviously the E-3) are simply left for dead as regards image quality-at any setting and in any conditions.

Two aspects that are delightful are the low mass and bulk and the virtually silent shutter. Not making a noticeable noise has already allowed me to get some candid shots that would not have been possible using the E-5 (or at the very least I have not been rumbled when taking a candid shot and in this past week of craziness in South Africa that is a vital safety aspect!).

I know that a refresh of the EM-1 is just around the corner so will be pensioning off my E-3 body to a good home and running the E-5 alongside the EM-1 for a while until the EM-1 II appears. 

Hopefully by then I will have fully adapted to the "new era" and be happy to step off the prism finder bus completely.

I still hope that some day, just because it's possible, they will make an electronic OM-4. That simplicity would be the ultimate sophistication.

However, back in the real world...

Top of page

March 2013


There are many so-called "weather sealed" cameras knocking about on the market.

The first D-SLR to offer this vital design feature was the E-1 that launched the E-System.

Like other now commonplace features pioneered in E-System cameras, other brands list this ability to shrug off a bit of inclement weather as a regular selling point of their semi-pro and pro kit.

Time and again, however, I have seen other photographers bagging their gear or begin to speak in tongues as their equipment refused to work after a light drizzle coated the shooting location.

Yesterday a lovely couple with their family flown in from Lithuania and Estonia had their long-awaited dream beach wedding.

The week days up to the big day were typical, idyllic African sunshine fare.

The big day dawned grey, overcast and wet.

The bride and groom, however, were determined. It was planned as a beach wedding and so it would be!

Squalls came and went through the morning and finally a gap seemed to open up at about 3.30 in the afternoon. It stopped raining and the sky brightened from about 5% to 30% grey.

Mother nature was up to something...

Guests were seated and the groom took up his place. The lady of the moment set forth from her room at the resort and all seemed fine until she arrived alongside her husband.

A light mist of fine raindrops began to fall.

The ceremony progressed.

The misty drops became larger drops. As each minute passed the drops grew in size as the wind picked-up and the elements conspired to drench the bridal party and assembled guests.

My camera gear had no choice as the ceremony carried on - in fact, I did not even spare a thought about the weather as I have come to depend on the weather sealing proving its worth again and again - I was able to concentrate on the actions (and reactions) of those pressing on with the wedding in spite of the weather.

Afterwards a dash ensued for cover and the guests toweled-off in the beachfront marquee and Lapa. I took shots of their efforts and then put the cameras down to dry myself off. 

Many comments were made about the fact that I was sure to need new cameras after this and one wag even took a shot of the E-3 I had used where it sat next to the 5 as he expressed his view that it was a "funeral shot" of a camera and he wanted to show his mates back home how I had sacrificed a camera and flash to get the shots.

Well, the rest of the night progressed and the allegedly terminal equipment went on to play its role in documenting the festivities.

After the guests had seen the rushes of selected shots after dinner the positive comments about the photographs taken in the rain were effusive. While the guests agreed it was a memorable event for the conditions and subsequent consequences, there was almost universal appreciation for the fact that the entire ceremony was documented.


The day offered confirmation, yet again, that if you undertake to record an event for a client, you need to be able to deal with anything that happens. Investing in top gear that can work through the conditions - no matter what they may be - is a non-negotiable and worth the extra money. My cameras have soldiered-on through dust, snow, rain, sea-spray and the inevitable bumps and knocks of reportage and sports work.

As far as I have seen the only gear used by colleagues at events that has kept up with the E3/5 bodies so far has been the D3, 4 and the 1D.

So, simply, if you are serious about working as a photographer, get serious kit that can deal with all kinds of conditions and remember that the lenses need to be environmentally sealed as well to get the maximum benefit from the feature. Luckily all pro and super-pro optics from my chosen brand are sealed.

Other brands have them few and far between so choose with care if this is a feature you need.

Top of page

February 2013

ROLL ON Q4 2013

I have no illusions that the designers at Olympus have read this blog.

However, as someone who uses their equipment daily I needed to know what was up in the future for my High Grade 4/3 lenses as regards a newer imaging tool I could attach to them.

So, I asked them directly.

They very politely replied and said an "E-5 successor" for all 4/3 lenses would be available before the end of this year.


Now back to work...I have two new cameras to pay for soon.

Top of page

August 2012


OK. So I had a moment of weakness. Like running off with a smaller and younger camera system while my E-3's slept in the cupboard (luckily).

The E-3's are back in harness and I now have one of the OM-Ds on E-Bay and the local smalls. (Will keep one for days when I want to travel light...)

Why has the relationship ended?

Simple - the investment made in high-grade lenses for the E-3 bodies does not deliver value when they are used on the OM-D bodies.

After initial attempts to find work-arounds (There are none) I took one final shot at it.

I spent 4 long days trying to find workarounds for the focus issues while doing a show-jumping derby recently and I eventually tanked the OM-D kit and went back to the E-3s. 

I had to. 

I needed to deliver crisp photos of the horses and riders at the right moment - not ones at the split second after they jumped.

So, my new Christmas wish list to the gentlemen at Olympus please.

The OM-D sensor (Could shoot rock concerts and floodlit sports - if you pre-focused - with no discernable noise), stabiliser and tone curve tool in the E-3 body so I can (a) Have my optical finder back and (b) Have the speed of focus I get with the E-3.

Not a M43 camera please - a proper camera I can hold for hours on end and with which I can shoot more than 9 000 frames in less than four days without repetitive stress injury.

No need to change the layout - no need to change anything on the outside (I do not need a touch screen on the camera to be honest). And, as the tooling and body is virtually paid for already, just toss the OM-D guts into the E-3/5 body please.

Call it what you like...I will call it the E-7

And you can have an order for 2 on announcement.

Top of page

February 2012



On Wednesday last (8 February 2012) Olympus - the company that was supposed to be down and out/bankrupt/no good at making serious cameras/(add your view here...) - released a camera that has set the lack-luster ordering in-boxes of online, and bricks and mortar retailers, aflame.

The amazing thing is that this activity is not just limited to Japan - but the USA and Europe have had a flood of pre-orders placed for the camera. Out here in South Africa the local agents - I understand on good authority - are still considering if they will even bring in the camera as the "...price may be too high and it may not sell...yadder-yadder!"  

Oh well... At any price this camera has no competitors. At only about R14 000 or so (which is the overseas retail price of $1300 with a weather-sealed lens and portable TTL flashgun x R8 plus VAT and something for the agent's flash metal fund) it is an absolute giveaway. As a serious photographic tool it is the business.

Now, if conventional wisdom is applied (based on repeated comments by alleged boffins on forum after forum on the web) then there must surely be a lot of idiots out there for there to be so many orders flooding in. After all, why buy a camera with a sensor that is too small (compared to what I ask?) and that looks just like the old ones from the 1980s.

Let's appraise the latter comment first. While the mirror-less compact cameras produced by Panasonic, Sony, Nikon and - of course the ones who pioneered the format - Olympus, have until now been interesting, they have been clunky to use fast. This, in fact, may well be why the local agents have a jaundiced view of the Micro Four Thirds marketplace...but then they must also honestly look at themselves and see how much effort they have put into marketing Micro-Four thirds equipment properly...however...

I have done my best to make friends with an E-P2 but time and again I find myself instinctively putting the camera to my eye only to realise there is no viewfinder. In that instant, many opportunities have been lost. Yes, I could buy the EV-F2 but you still have to hit a switch to go from one to the other - more seconds lost waiting for it to happen. And that EV-F2 is like a huge carbuncle atop the camera anyway. Yes, when all things work in one's favour, the image quality and the capabilities are breathtaking. Of course the size is absolutely lovely but you do not find yourself thinking it was a good decision to reach for the E-P2 rather than the E-500 or the E-3 when popping out somewhere and you lose a shot because of the "not there as I expected" missing viewfinder. 

People switching-up from a compact camera, however, would never find this a problem - it is the folk like me who have been using SLR type equipment for decades who have this issue. It is also us who populate the top-end of the camera purchasing population and who can afford the kit in this price range. So, this is another reason why the OM-D series makes so much sense and is proving to be a sales hit just like the original OM models and why previous Micro Four Thirds sales charts need to be tossed-out of the window. Are you listening at Tudor house there guys?

So, by copying a matured design and placing a viewfinder into the camera directly where you expect it to be, Olympus have done - in my view - exactly the right thing. Many decry the look and feel/shape of the OM-D series as too retro (And let's understand this - Like the PEN series and E-Series, this is a new camera series altogether) but this first iteration, the E-M5, is not just a cheesy attempt to milk the nostalgia market for ballies * like me who remember the working tools we used for more than 20 years. The layout of the camera has, like in most serious Olympus working cameras to date (OM-1,2,4 and the E1,3 and 5) been decided  - and I can clearly see the continuity of the thought process instilled in to the design team by Maitani-San - by asking the simple question "Is that button needed? Will it help you take better photographs or will it intrude in the process? 

So, the answer to why it looks like an old SLR is because they worked ! As we reached the 1980s SLR cameras were a very mature technology. Wild and fantastic designs had been tried (Anyone remember the Canon Epoca or the Minolta Vectis series?) and discarded and the layout and design had - largely - been settled. So using this type of layout is not just an exercise in nostalgia - in a very solid manner it is a return to what really matters. Compact, simple, every button for a particular purpose and easy to learn to use with the camera at eye-level.

The fact that one seamlessly goes from large rear screen to instantly available viewfinder as one did in the past is a treat. Olympus say they have made the AF the fastest of any camera and this is something I will take as read - after all, unless you want to be churlish and simply pig-headed - there is little between the E-P3 and any D-SLR you care to pick when it comes to focus acquisition. 

If the E-M5 is as fast (and Olympus say it is faster) then there is nothing to bother about in that department. Certainly, Terada-San is not given to boasting and the confident (but very quick) smile of pride he permitted himself in the press interview when he said it was the world's fastest auto-focus for any camera is convincing enough. What is more, Terada-San is, himself, an accomplished photographer and from a similar generation to myself. The way his fingers danced over the controls as he demonstrated the machine - coupled to his obvious enthusiasm for the camera and what it offers - further convinced me it has been thoroughly thought-through and carefully designed for light artists and not just happy-snappers.

As for the rest, the compact OM size (it is in fact a bit smaller), the simple layout, the correct balance and the ability to add the HLD6 grip make it an obvious choice for those who, like me, were getting more of a slouch as modern D-SLRs got larger and heavier. Aside from the fact that the E-series was the only designed for digital system, the mass of competing kit I would need to carry for the same performance from any other brand was another major reason I went with the E-system when I made my switch from film - and a Nikon F5 - to the brace of E-3s I still use. (Well...a Nikon D200 has crept into the equipment cupboard along with a triplet of lenses and a SB600 flashgun but that is another story unrelated to daily requirements entirely...)

Now, I must admit that, just as I was thinking about the long term possibility of putting a foot in another camp, the new E-M5 has got me sold. I have two on order and fully intend making them earn their keep. I expect to be able to use them for weddings (imagine how mobile one can be without tons of gear to lug around) and sports (up to 9 fps!) and given my location (often raining and misty) being able to use the cameras just like my E-3 bodies (it is, just like them, made from Magnesium and weather sealed) without bothering about the damp will be nothing short of a treat. Oh, and of course I can use my existing pro lenses with a weatherproof adaptor too but then again, there are some tasty - and very fast - Micro Four Third prime lenses on the way from Olympus as well...this is too much happiness!


When you are chasing the action in a number of sports, splashing and other issues should be the last of your concerns. In real-world conditions a properly sealed camera like the E-3, E-5 or the new E-M5 and lens is not a flight of fancy - it is a necessity.

As for the issue about the supposedly "useless 4/3 sensor" I read about so often on various fora, I think that argument can now be ignored. The image quality of the Nikon V1 is amazing and that sensor is smaller than the 4/3 one. The latest Canon all-in one has a sensor the same size as the 4/3 (OK, what is 1mm really?) and Canonophiles are hailing its quality...The E-M5 at 16MP has more pixels than you are likely to need if you frame your shots properly and even has enough if you need to rely on the cropping tool to make you look half decent. 

Next, with a performance at ISO3200 that is breathtaking (I have seen pre-production sample shots from friends in the European imaging press who have had sample cameras for a week or so..) there is nothing one could sensibly do in photography that this camera is not more than capable of offering. Let us not forget that this is not wishful thinking - I have had many billboard and interior mural images made from the output from the E-3s and E-5 at "only" 10 and 12MP. Then of course there is the HD video facility which opens up a whole new world of possibilities for new revenue streams...

And we have not even come to what I feel is the greatest (and will probably be the least understood) feature of the E-M5. That the viewfinder or screen will allow me to set the exposure even more accurately via an interactive tone-curve than I could with the multi-spot metering system of the OM-3/4 and it is the cherry on the top of a solid specification. Tone curve? What? 

Listen carefully - Almost as a footnote, Olympus have added a gem of an exposure tool into this camera. You can call up the tone curve on the screen or EVF (allocate the function to one of the 3 function buttons on the camera, give it a press and up it comes). By turning the front input wheel (surrounding the shutter release) you can bias the highlight curve to pull back or whiten highlights! The rear input wheel (looking for all the world like the OM-1 ASA wheel at a quick glance) allows you to sort the shadow curve and handle details or contrast in darker areas. The screen or EVF shows you exactly what the result will be before you hit the shutter! Just think of the time you will save with bounce-boards and in post-production. 

Picture this - start by taking a Spot-Hi reading as the basis to keep a white dress white without blow-out, hit Fn2 and then twirl the back dial to pull up the shadows of the groom's suite...or take a Spot reading from a dramatic moody early morning seascape and then twirl the front dial to get the cloudscape looking as it does to your eye...oh my goodness! A whole new realm of opportunity awaits with this camera.

If there is any wedding photographer out there (and without a noisy mirror bouncing around you can now shoot at virtually any point in the ceremony without getting a scowl from the minister)  - or anyone regularly photographing dark skin tones in sunlight - or doing landscapes - that does not immediately grin from ear to ear about this bit of wizardry then they just do not understand the import of the feature.  Furthermore, they probably do not deserve to use this amazing photographic tool anyway.

Domo Origato Olympus - this is the paintbrush I sent you so many e-mails about. While it is not the simple 3 button system from the OM3/4 which I repeatedly asked you to build into the next serious camera you made, it is easier to use and far more powerful. My wish has been granted.

The last time I had the anticipation of getting just the gift I wanted was before a very distant Christmas when I was about 8. April - when these wonderful tools start shipping out from dealers - is just too far away!

*Ballie - South African colloquialism for a gentleman of more than middle age from whom one may learn about life even though he may be well set in his ways. It is most often a term of endearment and respect - unless you are being an intransigent old codger...

Top of page